"Quetzalcoatl ruled over the days that bore the name ehecatl ("wind") and over the second 13-day series of the ritual calendar. Aztec/Mexica Gods Welcome to our section on Aztec/Mexica Gods! Inspired by Xiuhpōhualli, a 365-day calendar used by the Aztecs and other pre-Columbian Nahua peoples in central Mexico. Sculptures of deities. This allows historians to understand the development of pottery throughout the reign of the Aztec empire. Xipe Totec was also the patron of Goldsmiths. Quetzalcoatl head, Teotihuacan. Local flora and fauna were common subjects of Aztec metalwork and small carvings. These objects were made for the gods and not for humans, and, in Tlaltecuhtli's case, the images faced the earth they represent. Although many pieces of Aztec metalwork were melted down by later inhabitants, some still survive. She and her brothers and sisters defeated Huitzilopochtli at his birth. Perhaps the most famous piece of Aztec feather work is the Penacho of Moctezuma II on display in Austria's Weltmuseum Wien. The hairstyle is also representative of that which Aztec Women wore: loose everyday and braided for special occasions such as festivals. He is most often portrayed as emerging from the feathered serpent, and, as such, is symbolic of the rise of the morning star, and the symbiosis of heaven and earth. Common threads run through the history of Mesoamerican art. Aztec Mayan Mexican Tiki Idol God Figurine Black Iridescent Obsidian -Tribal Statues-Tribal Art-Gods-Aztec- Mayan-Prehispanic Gods SacredRoseHerbRoot. Tezcatlipoca won the conquest and, as a result, Quetzalcoatl is said to have left Tula in 987. (183) $74.99. Surrounding the central disc are 4 squares, each representing one of the previous eras of history. His mother Coatlicue, an earth goddess, conceived him after having kept in her bosom a ball of hummingbird feathers (i.e. For example, while the gods of water and vegetation all wore similiar head-dresses, the colours would differ. As such Tlaloc was "not only highly revered, but he was also greatly feared. Some of the pictures symbolized ideas and others represented the sounds of the syllables. The Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Zapotec civilizations, amongst others, perpetuated an artistic tradition which displayed a love of monumental stone sculpture, imposing architecture, highly decorated pottery, geometric stamps for fabric and body art, and breathtaking metalwork which were all used to represent people, animals, plants, gods and features of religious ceremony, … The geography of what is now Mexico is brought into art through the incorporation of local flora and fauna. This resplendent piece of art is the only known surviving headdress of its kind. Statues were placed before altars - essential features of every Aztec household - and were made to adorn shrines and temples or to be set up in the open air. Patterns moved from geometric to naturalistic, often depicting geographical features or native plants and animals. According to Aztec mythology, Xolotl was a deity normally associated with Quetzalcoatl, one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. From shop kiVuUdesigns. The Aztec Font font has been designed taking into consideration the typical geometry present in Aztec system of writings and architectures: trunked pyramids, circle plots, rectangular shapes, basically simple shapes merged together creating the letter shape. Other female maize deities, generally depicted wearing elaborate headdresses, are also common. This is possibly due to the fact that "Xipe Totec was originally a deity of the Zapotec and Yopi Indians in the present states of Oaxaca and Guerrero, an area believed to be particularly rich in gold."(http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm). Males sitting with their knees drawn in and with their arms crossed around. ". Every god and it's sculpture were instantly recognisable. The Aztec spoke a language called Nahuatl (pronounced NAH waht l). Lifelike representations of people. During the sixth month, Etzalqualiztli, the rain priests ceremonially bathed in the lake; they imitated the cries of the waterfowls and used magic "fog bells" (ayauhchicauaztli) in order to obtain rain. His nagual, or animal disguise, was the eagle. Although he was generally listed as one of the first-rank deities, no ceremonial month was dedicated to his cult. Worshipers have headdresses/other ornaments. Carved in the fifteenth century, this stone disc weighs 25 tons and is 12 feet across. The god, being the supreme deity, was closely linked with Aztec rulers and so was a major feature of coronation ceremonies. This signifies the cultural importance of agriculture and corn among the Aztec people. said to be caused by Tlaloc and his fellow deities. The Tlaloque, it was believed, could send down to the earth different kinds of rain, beneficent or crop-destroying. Aztec art is known to have shown realistic expression of characteristics such as age and expression. The famous head of Coyolxahqui, the Aztec Moon Goddess, is an outstanding example. Also, in many cases, art was used by the Aztecs as a form of propaganda. Unlike his twin, however, Xolotl is traditionally given negative attributes, which is evident in his physical form as well as how he is symbolized elsewhere. As the empire grew, patterns moved from geometric to naturalistic. Temples to Aztec gods were constructed to insert these gods in a position above local deities. They have been chosen for their representation in sculpture, importance to Aztec religion and also to aid an understanding of their history and myths. "Because the Aztecs believed that dead warriors were reincarnated as hummingbirds and because the south considered the left side of the world, Huitzilopochtli's Occasionally masks were made form pottery, although other materials were more common. As a matter of fact, Xolotl was regarded to be the twin of Quetzalcoatl. (183) $59.99. ANCIENT AZTEC Gods - aztec art - FRONT print - mayan - ancient mexican history - gods of life and death by kiVuU kiVuUdesigns. The next ring is a solar calendar representing a 365-day year. Aztec`s `Gift of the Gods` - Coral red blooming bromelia in botanical garden. Aztec God of Death, Mexico Day of the Dead Ceramic Sculpture. Ancient Aztec Gods Stone Statues Runs Steps Templo Mayor Mexico City Mexico. The Aztec emperors received art works as tribute or the artists sold them in the great marketplace at Tlatelolco. The people of the empire had an appreciation for a wide variety of insects, birds, fish and animals. Piercings, jewelry, and other small pieces have been found. Tezcatlipoca was the 10th of the 13 Lords of the Day, was associated with day 1 Death, and especially worshipped during Toxcatl, the 5th month of the 18-month solar year. The Aztec view was spread throughout conquered territories through art and architecture. Quetzalcóatl, Mexican Ceramic Skull Sculpture with Quetzalcóatl. Early rigid and rectangular designs gave way to more graceful, curved patterns. Due to the loss and deterioration of much Aztec Art, sculpture is not only the most durable and possibly impressive, but also the most important. Bold colors and sharp, angular carvings reflecting the aggressive warrior culture of the Aztec people. The Aztecs had a polytheistic system of beliefs in which they worshiped multiple gods and goddesses.. Sculptures of the Gods were an important aspect of Aztec religious expression. Symmetrical. Ehecatl may be distinguished by his beak-like mouth and conical hat. Feathers were also attached to shields and capes of Aztec warriors. Following is only a collection of some of the Aztec Gods and Goddesses. However, much of what we know about Aztec civilization and culture has been learned from their art. These are some examples of artwork produced throughout the Aztec civilization. This style, called Aztec III black-on-orange, featured designs in orange and black, often on a white background. He was the god of priests, goldsmiths, and other craftsmen,and learning and crafts, and also the god of twins. Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs. Similarly, Aztec sculpture was also heavily influenced by religion. Jaguars, ducks, monkeys, snakes, deer, dogs - all these were common themes. Stone sculpture was a major type of Aztec art, and Aztec sculptors surpassed their earlier Mesoamerican ancestors in technical and aesthetic abilities.Th ey spent days carving wall sculptures to be placed within their temples. [This is exemplified in the image below.]) Black, red, and orange coloring of pottery. Aztec Mayan Inca Art Reproductions The art of Central and South America from 1800 BC to 1500 AD, prior to the arrival of European colonizers, is genially called Pre-Columbian Art. The importance of this Goddess is exemplified through this use jade and reference to it since jade was more precious than gold to the Aztecs. She was closely associated with Tlaloc, the God of all Water, and has been described alternately as his Wife, Sister, or Mother, and, like him, needed to be placated in order to assure the continual need for water. Artwork from this period carries several themes. A limited number of pieces can be found in museums. As such, Huitzilopochtli is usually represented as a Hummingbird or as a Warrior with armour and helmet made from the feathers of hummingbirds. Basalt cinnabar coated. The 13th month, Tepeilhuitl, was dedicated to the mountain Tlaloque; small idols made of amaranth paste were ritually killed and eaten. Artists were well regarded, and held privileged positions within society. Earrings and sculptures were commonly made form pottery. Realistic depictions of the natural world. 12" Aztec Maya Mayan Solar Sun Stone Calendar Statue Sculpture Wall Plaque Xiuhpohualli Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Mexican Mexico Ancient Aliens Chariots of the Gods Art 004 5.0 out of 5 stars 2 $44.00 $ 44 . Hummingbird of the South. She was also the patron of fisherman and other who made their living from water. His characteristic attire consists of a pleated paper fan worn at the back of the head (amacalli, 'house of paper'), ear plugs and a head-dress set with precious stones which [often] represent water." He was also the ninth of the 13 gods of the day-time hours. - [Voiceover] So this god, the Earth god, would have had this sculptural relief facing him, that is, facing down to the Earth. The geography of what is now Mexico is brought into art through the incorporation of local flora and fauna. These show a strong geographical influence in their intricate detail and remarkable craftsmanship. She is also often shown wearing a paper fan , usually painted blue. The variety of materials used in Aztec art is vast. Children were sacrificed to Tlaloc on the first month, Atlcaualo, and on the third, Tozoztontli. He is depicted with a sword-like tongue, holding a heart in each hand. Coatlicue traditionally "wears a skirt of intertwined serpents and a belt in a form of a snake [the Aztec symbol of fertility], Her breasts are always shown bare, symbolising her role as mother of the Gods. It is through scuplture, and the portrayal of the gods that we gain a better understanding of Aztec religion. These were glued or sewn into figurative designs which identified the social status of the bearer. Aztec featherwork survives primarily as depicted in other art forms. Mighty Tlaloc, Rustic Ceramic Sculpture of Tlaloc from Mexico. Feathers were woven into intricate and incredibly ornamental cloaks and headdresses. His brothers, the Centzon Huitznaua (Four Hundred Southerners), stars of the southern sky, and his sister A different historical source tells of how Quetzalcoatl and his followers setr out over the sea on a raft made of serpents. Mexico. In general, the stone sculptures were created to represent their gods or the sacrificial victims. These sculptures were carved and then set in a hidden place or carved on the underside of stone boxes and chacmool sculptures. Coatlicue statue-one of the most famous surviving Aztec sculptures.It is a 2.52 m tall andesite statue by an unidentified Mexica artist.Although there are debates about what or who the statue represents,it is usually identified as the Aztec deity Coatlicue ("Snakes-Her-Skirt").National Museum of Anthropology.Mexico City.The statue was most likely completed in 1439 or 1491, although these dates … It belongs to a large group of Indian languages, which also include the languages spoken by the Comanche, Pima, Shoshone and other tribes of western North America. The most accomplished sculptors in the Aztec empire carved impressive images of the gods, often of large size, for display in temples and public spaces in Tenochtitlan’s Sacred Precinct. The art of the Aztecs did not develop in isolation. As the Goddess of Fresh Water, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over rivers, lakes, streams, and other forms of freshwater. Political gain and domination over conquered people had a large influence in Aztec art in this way. The grand city of Tenochtitlan contained some of the finest examples of Aztec sculpture, from its temples and pyramids to its elaborate stone palaces. Statues of gods, some monumental in size, have been relatively well preserved. Stone carvers created sculptures of the Aztec gods … Choose your favorite aztec gods designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Green jade ornaments are often shown decorating her skirt and symbolise water:[hence the name] 'Lady of the Jade Skirt'(chalchiuitl=jade or precious stone and cueitl=skirt). Food: The principal food of the Aztec was a thin cornmeal pancake called a tlaxcalli. He journeyed towards the east, whence, he prophesised, he would one day return. Traditionally, Huitzilopochtli was thought to have been born on the Coatepec Mountain, near the city of Tula. Expanding trade spread Aztec influence and also brought new ideas and techniques to the empire. These can be found throughout central Mexico. He was equal in rank to Huitzilopochtli and one of the most ancient in Mesoamerica dating back to the Teotihuacan Culture (third to eigth centuries b.c.). He was most often shown wearing a flayed human skin, and his full face with open mouth and closed eyes represented death to the Aztecs. The aggressive warrior culture of the Aztec people is also clearly displayed in its artwork. Pottery was artistic as well as utilitarian in Aztec society. It is typical of an agrarian culture uncertain and dependant on rainfall and water with no irrigation system to place such importance on a god of this kind. (White Tezcatlipoca) Xipe-Totec, god of agriculture, fertility, seasons, metalsmiths, and disease, rule of East (Red Tezcatlipoca) Huitzilopochtli, god of war, sun, human … Aztec Goddess. Old stone Aztec gods close to. Every 52 years these calendars would coincide, and the Aztecs would offer sacrifices to Tonatiuh with the New Fire Ceremony. Here we profile some of the most important gods for you, and provide a downloadable feature for each one, beautifully produced and researched for us by Julia Flood. 4.5 out of 5 stars (14) 14 reviews $ 19.90 FREE shipping Only 3 available and it's in 1 person's cart. Her face is generally fleshless and her hands and feet are very often depicted with claws." He hurled lightning upon the earth and unleashed the devastating hurricanes. The agricultural god, Xipe Totec, is found in many Aztec carvings and sculptures. Further, the priests wore a flayed skin of human sacrifices in the same manner, symbolising the regeneration of plant life every spring. (Baquedano 1984:19). Since it was a military empire and new city-states and tribes were constantly brought into the fold of the empire, the gods and goddesses of these tribes and city-states were also included in the Aztec pantheon. The Aztecs had not only their own gods, but gods they had adopted as a result of the capture of other cities. Further, the sculptures of Chalchiuhtlicue are also indicative of the style of clothes and head-dress often worn by Aztec Women: a long wrap-around skirt and worn over a simple top and shoulder-cape called quechquemitl. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee) was the … to the arrival of the Spanish. Great Aztec Temple. QUETZALLI meaning feathers and precious, and COATL meaning serpent or twin. Tlaloc bestowed on them an eternal and blissful life in his paradise, Tlalocan.("http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm). These depict a wide variety of natural and sacred objects. We know about Aztec religious practices because of information found in these sculptures. With his followers he crossed the valley of Mexico, passing between the volcanoes Iztaccihuatl and Popocatepetl, and continued to the Gulf of Mexico, where he set himself alight and was reborn as the Morning Star. In Aztec drawings, gods were often depicted or priests dressed as gods performing religious ceremonies and rituals. As well as being the God of Fertility, Spring and New Growth, Xipe Totec was one of the four creator gods. The gods were often depicted, and they themselves often resembled animals of various kinds. (http://www.lonelyplanet.com.au/dest/cam/graphics/mex21.htm). From shop SacredRoseHerbRoot. - [Voiceover] We actually see this on a lot of Aztec sculptures where this Earth Lord would have been touching the surface of the Earth. , called Aztec III black-on-orange, featured designs in orange and black often. 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