Among the four African otter species, the Congo clawless otter (Aonyx congicus) is the least known due to the remoteness of its Central African equatorial rainforest range. It's not exactly clear why the African clawless otter isn't common in the Congo, but there are other types of otters in that region. African claw­less ot­ters are the largest Old World otter species and 3rd largest species of otter over­all. Abstract. Assessor: Hussain, S.A. & de Silva, P.K. The Congo Clawless otter occurs in rain forests and lowland swamps of the Congo river basin and the extreme southwest of the Central African Republic; as well as the forests and wetland areas of Rwanda, Burundi, and southwestern Uganda. 6. Habitat loss will Habitat Congo Clawless Otters can be found in the small swamps, streams and ponds of the dense rainforests in the Congo Basin, Africa. "not-clawed", refers to this otter species' clawless forelimbs. Evaluators: Conroy, J. Congo Clawless Otter (Aonyx congicus) Congo Clawless Otter (Aonyx congicus) A lot more has been learned since two cubs came into care in Kikongo, Democratic Republic of Congo. Generally colored brown with white underbellies, Congo clawless otters lack claws on all digits, with exception of … They demonstrate a high climatic and trophic adaptability, occurring from tropical coastal wetlands up to mountain streams. However, this species is currently threatened by the They have revealed a lot more information on behaviour and are acting as ambassadors to encourage otter conservation. completely clawless with minimal webbing, giving them an appearance Nearly as large as the Cape clawless otter but definitely lighter and more slender, the Congo clawless otter was thought to be a subspecies of the former Cape clawless otter until recently. Although the species’ range appears large, in the last decade, actual distribution has shrunk, especially in the west, compared to historical records. A population which was previously thought to be isolated, exists in the hill ranges of the Western Ghats, and more recently they have been reported from protected areas in the Eastern Ghats which might better explain their distribution in South India. Habitat protection and inter-population corridors need to be established. Congolese clawless otters are found only on the African continent: from southeastern Nigeria and Gabon to Uganda and Burundi in central Africa. Its short fur (providing less insulation) and the abbreviated webbing of its feet make the Congo Clawless Otter the least adapted otter for life in the water. Others claim that the Congo clawless otter is a valid… Their range in the Western Ghats too has increased with sightings and evidence being reported from the northern Western Ghats, well extending their range beyond the hills of Coorg and Ashambu. Diet Congo Clawless Otters feed on fish, frogs, crabs, mollusks and … result in the decline of this species, which is already rare. aonyx, which means They are also slightly larger than its close relative, the Congo clawless Otter.Their diet consists mainly crabs, frogs and fish. It is closely related to the cape clawless otter, so similar Congo clawless otters reside exclusively in the small swamps, ponds, and streams of heavy rainforests. The Congo The Congo clawless otter is found in Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Burundi, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Rwanda, or Uganda. The taxonomic status and the criteria to differentiate A. congicus from the quite similar Cape clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) are reviewed. Species: Congo Clawless and Spotted-necked Otter. They use their incredibly dexterous and fourth digits of the hindlimbs. The Congo clawless otter (Aonyx congicus) is a type of otter. The taxonomic status and the criteria to differentiate A. congicus from the quite similar Cape clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) are reviewed. 1. (Global Mammal Assessment Team). Meanwhile, five species are declared endangered – Sea Otter, Marine Otter, South American River Otter, Hairy-Nosed Otter and Giant Otter. Rainforest The Congo Clawless Otter: State of Knowledge and Needs for Further Research . This is the smallest of the world’s otters, about 0.9 m long, weighing around 5 kg. Small-clawed otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and moderate to low bankside vegetation. congica. Little else is known DNA work by Koepfli & Wayne (1998 & 2003) indicated that the Asian small-clawed otter is a sister species to the African clawless and Congo clawless otters. The Congo Clawless Otter is a member S. A. Hussain, India: Studies on the range and habitat utilisation of small-clawed otter in South India. Water courses are being polluted with pesticides from plantations and other intensive agriculture, and heavy metals, affecting the gill-feeders on which this species depends, and interfering directly with otter physiology. Research on all aspects of this species biology and ecology is needed. Other articles where African clawless otter is discussed: otter: Freshwater otters: African clawless otters (Aonyx capensis) and Congo clawless otters (A. congicus or A. capensis congicus) occupy murky waterways and thus rely more on manual dexterity than on vision to obtain food (mostly crabs) from under rocks. In place, local legislation is needed in southeastern Nigeria ( Rowe-Rowe 1995 ), Eastern, and that! Cape clawless otter: State of Knowledge and Needs for Further Research in rocks, and. So similar behavior and even less is known about this otter, the African.... Modified landscapes clawless forelimbs clawless and Spotted-necked otter subspecies of the shores ( Kingdon 1982. 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