Should hypoglycemia develop, supplementation with intravenous dextrose is needed until the dog can self-regulate its blood glucose concentrations (typically 12-48 hours). This rapid release of insulin may result in a rapid and profound decrease in the level of blood sugar (hypoglycemia), an effect that can occur within 10 to 60 minutes of eating the xylitol. Xylitol, like many other products, comes with a best-by date.That’s the period for how long the quality of the product should remain the best. Hypoglycemia typically lasts 6-12 hours but can last up to several days. Symptoms can escalate to life-threatening, with complications as serious as liver failure a result. To put this into perspective a single piece of sugar free gum can contain 1g - 1.5g of xylitol. But for dogs, xylitol poisoning is a major problem, according to Ahna Brutlag, DVM, associate director of veterinary services at Pet Poison Helpline. However, when non-primate species like dogs eat something containing xylitol, the xylitol is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, resulting in a potent release of insulin from the pancreas. How Much Xylitol is Toxic to a Dog? Gradual increases of the medication over time is recommended to alleviate these effects. The vet will then monitor the patient closely, including taking regular blood glucose readings. The "toxic doses" of xylitol for a 10lb dog, 30lb dog, and a 70lb dog are shown in the table and the picture below. If left untreated for too long, it may even kill your dog. Seek immediate veterinary attention and bring your pet to your family vet or the emergency clinic as soon as possible. At the beginning of the century, only a few cases of xylitol toxicity in pets had been reported. Or share this article with your friends on social media. However, there is some evidence of enhanced drug accumulation and terminal elimination half-life prolongation when dogs are dosed for 45 days or longer. Some dogs do not display hypoglycemia signs in severe overdoses before the onset of liver failure (hepatic necrosis). Lets say your dog is 10kg or 22lb. If you suspect your pet may have ingested anything poisonous, contact your veterinarian or an animal poison control by calling 855-764-7661. Dogs who consume products containing xylitol can develop low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and seizures. A co-worker's lab spent four or five days hospitalized until they … It’s popular in many human grocery products because it gives a sweet taste but without the calories. Xylitol Poisoning in Dogs: Sweeteners can Kill (common pet poisons) There is no xylitol “antidote” as such, but what the vet will do is artificially support blood glucose levels by giving glucose intravenously. 2015. Simply click the image below and to get a poster-sized version that you can print out and post. In high doses, xylitol may cause liver failure. Signs of xylitol toxicity can occur within 10 to 15 minutes of a pet eating xylitol but may be delayed for several hours. Xylitol is on the list of foods that are fine for people but potentially dangerous to dogs. It’s regularly found in sugar-free chewing gum, toothpaste, mouthwash, vitamin supplements, a small handful of peanut butter brands, and other 'low sugar' or sugar-free products. Sollid, Kris, RD. Only use pet toothpaste for pets, never human toothpaste. If you’re going to chew gum and have pets, make sure xylitol isn’t found in your gum or baked goods. Are there any risk factors for this medication? The most recent report was related to "skinny" (sugar-free) ice cream. They will guide you as to what to do next. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Xylitol can result in severe poisoning in dogs, and possibly in cats, in as little as 15–30 minutes. Gum isn’t the only product containing xylitol. Doctors don't know of any interactions with other herbs, supplements , drugs, or foods. Oct. 4, 2018. If a product does contain xylitol, make sure your pet can't get to it." (In as little as 15 minutes, the blood sugar of a dog that has eaten gum containin… That is, if a pet is experiencing something we know to be pai… Without exception, call the vet immediately and seek emergency help. Last but not least, keep xylitol out of reach of pets, especially dogs. If you suspect or know your pet ate a product containing xylitol, the first thing is to give pet food or a source of sugar (Karo syrup or pancake syrup). Cats and people do not experience this problem. These days, animal poison control centers receive thousands of calls across North America about accidental xylitol poisoning in pets. People can buy xylitol in bulk to bake sweet treats at home. Because hypoglycemia and other serious adverse effects may not occur in some cases for up to 12 to 24 hours, your dog may need to be hospitalized for medical monitoring. But, if the pet is already showing signs of low blood glucose, then forcing them to vomit could do more harm than good. They would only need to eat 1g of xylitol to suffer low blood sugar and 5g to also suffer from liver failure. Because hypoglycemia and other serious adverse effects may not occur in some cases for up to 12 to 24 hours, your dog may need to be hospitalized for medical monitoring. In addition: The FDA wants to know if your pet encounters safety issues with a product, and/or unanticipated harmful effects that you believe are related to a product. If a pet eats a product containing xylitol, don’t wait for the symptoms to develop. How long does Benadryl stay in a dog’s system? If you have questions or concerns, call your vet, who is best equipped to ensure the health and well-being of your pet. With severe cases of xylitol poisoning in pets, liver failure and clotting problems can occur. Subscribe to receive FDA Consumer Update email notifications. And yet lots of regular, everyday products contain xylitol, which is potentially toxic to pets. Anyone with a dog should be aware of xylitol and its potential to do harm. Other products that may contain xylitol include: Xylitol can be used in baked goods, too, such as cakes, muffins, and pies — often because the baker is substituting another sweetener for sugar, as in products for people with diabetes. It’s a good idea to keep all such products well out of your dog’s reach. This short-acting medicine should be discontinued within 24 hours, although the consequences may be more severe in animals with liver or kidney disease. Once some of the symptoms have lessened, you should still take your dog in to have their blood sugar levels monitored. However, it’s different in canines: When dogs eat something containing xylitol, the xylitol is more quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, and may result in a potent release of insulin from the pancreas. Depends on the dog, how much they ate, and what supportive care is being given. It only takes 0.1 grams per kg of body weight for a dog to be affected, so a 6–7-pound (3-kg) chihuahua will get sick from eating just 0.3 grams of xylitol. Pets that are allergic to gabapentin should not take this medication. There have been no reports of cats experiencing xylitol toxicity, as cats do not seem to have the same problem of excessive insulin secretion as do dogs. All of which means you should always read the full ingredient lists, before anything designed for humans passes your pet’s lips. Ferret owners, however, should be careful, as ferrets have been known to develop low blood sugar and seizures, like dogs, after eating products containing xylitol. Interactions. Clinical signs of liver failure may not be apparent for 1–2 days, and include vomiting, black tarry stool, coma, increased liver enzymes, jaundice, clotting problems, coma and even death. In both people and dogs, the level of blood sugar is controlled by the release of insulin from the pancreas. Some pets show signs (depending on the amount eaten) within 10–15 minutes. This sugar substitute, found in some human foods and dental products, can be poisonous to your dog. Help protect dogs by displaying this flyer (PDF 1.3 MB) in animal shelters, pet stores and veterinary clinics in your neighborhood. July 9, 2019. “Xylitol: Everything You Need to Know.” Healthline. Slightly lower in calories than sugar, this sugar substitute is also often used to sweeten sugar-free candy, such as mints and chocolate bars, as well as sugar-free chewing gum. How does xylitol affect dogs? Wismer said some xylitol used in candies and mints is in a powder that is absorbed quickly in the system, causing signs of illness in 30 minutes. Only for the pet this means loss of consciousness and coma. Brutlag, Ahna, DVM, DABT, DABVT. The compound doesnt affect glucose levels in people, but when ingested by dogs it can cause a dangerous surge of insulin. But if people can eat xylitol, then why not dogs? This short-acting medication should stop working within 24 hours, although effects can be longer in pets with liver or kidney disease. Dr. Hartogensis says, "Check the label for xylitol in the ingredients of products, especially ones that advertise as sugar-free or low sugar. DO NOT make the pet sick (unless first instructed to do so by the vet). If you can successfully get your dog to vomit, there’s a good chance some of the xylitol will get out of their system. Within 15 to 20 minutes, they might even be comatose, she adds, and depending on the amount consumed, a dog can also experience liver failure from ingesting xylitol. I am planning on taking this information to the national media so that other dog owners, like me and my friends, will avoid products that contain xylitol. Xylitol poisoning in pets is on the rise. But if 250 mg/lb. In dogs, xylitol ingestion causes a rapid (usually within 30 min but it can take up to 12-18 hours) and severe increase in blood insulin with resulting hypoglycemia which can last up to 12-24hrs. In people, xylitol does not stimulate the release of insulin from the pancreas. “Xylitol Toxicity in Dogs.” VCA Animal Hospitals. “Paws Off Xylitol; It’s Dangerous for Dogs.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In-store bakeries also are selling baked goods containing the sweetener. If you are a dog owner, be aware that xylitol can be toxic to dogs, even in small amounts. When as little as 50 mg per pound of dog weight of xylitol is consumed, low blood sugar can occur. If you think your dog may have eaten a product containing xylitol, call your vet, emergency clinic, or animal poison control center right away. While you may be clued up to look for xylitol in cookies, it can be a not-so-obvious ingredient in some pharmaceutical formulations, oral rinses, toothpaste and chewable sugar-free vitamins. That’s because xylitol is toxic to dogs.. How Long Does Xylitol Last. This will help decrease absorption of xylitol and further poisoning. What are the symptoms of xylitol poisoning in dogs? It is especially important that dog owners are aware of the dangers of xylitol poisoning because the labels of most xylitol-containing products do not warn users of the dangers to dogs of ingesting the substance. With xylitol, absorption by dogs is rapid and complete; symptoms of poisoning can be seen in as little as 30 minutes after ingestion. In cases where gum with xylitol was ingested, the hypoglycemia may be delayed for up to 12 hours. Keep products that contain xylitol (including those you don’t think of as food, such as toothpaste) well out of your dog’s reach. Liver damage can occur within a few hours or may be delayed for up to 3 days. Signs of poisoning: Within 10-15 minutes of ingestion dogs may develop hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and start vomiting, become uncoordinated or start staggering. With mild signs (e.g., low blood sugar) and prompt treatment, the outcome is typically good. Here are some rough guidelines: Xylitol can result in severe poisoning in dogs, and possibly in cats, in as little as 15–30 minutes. However, some human medications are safe for use with dogs, as long as they are used appropriately. In the particular case of xylitol, it can have short-term and long-term consequences. The outlook is related to the amount of xylitol eaten, the size of the dog and the timing of treatment. The clinician may also need to correct swings in the body’s electrolyte levels, which can also be potentially dangerous. Back in the 19th century, when people wanted to get rid of a rat infestation they went to the chemist shop and right off the shelf bought arsenic or cyanide. Gunnars, Kris. It does this by causing a rapid and massive release of natural insulin in the body. How long does xylitol stay in a dog's system? If you think your dog has eaten xylitol, take him to your vet or an emergency animal hospital immediately, Hartogensis advises. These protect the damaged liver and encourage it to repair. This helps them spot if the levels go down and take counter-actions to support the pet. And you may have heard or read news stories about dogs that have died or become very ill after eating products containing xylitol. These days, animal poison control centers receive thousands of calls across North America about accidental xylitol poisoning in pets, with many more going unreported. Gilpatrick, John. Liver complications may develop after a day or so, and signs include: The severity of symptoms depends on the amount of xylitol swallowed and the weight of the dog. “To our knowledge, other sweeteners like saccharin, aspartame, malitol, sorbitol and sucralose are not toxic in pets, as long as they are not ingested in significant amounts. To learn more about xylitol and which products it can be found in, visit. Untreated, this hypoglycemia can quickly be life-threatening, Hartogensis says. Other products on this list include: The take-home message being just because it’s safe for people doesn’t mean it’s safe for the dog. Right away. “Educate yourself about where xylitol is found,” says Dr. Justine Lee, DVM, DACVECC, a board-certified emergency critical care veterinary specialist and associate director of veterinary services at Pet Poison Helpline. This is why it is so important to take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice these symptoms. Symptoms of xylitol poisoning in dogs include vomiting, followed by symptoms associated with the sudden lowering of your dog’s blood sugar, such as decreased activity, weakness, staggering, incoordination, collapse and seizures. is swallowed, severe liver damage or even death can occur. Each report is evaluated to determine how serious the problem is and, if necessary, additional information may be requested from the person who filed the report. For those of a technical nature, it’s manufactured from xylose, which is present in plant tissues, and is actually a crystalline alcohol. See, https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/paws-xylitol-its-dangerous-dogs, https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/xylitol-toxicity-in-dogs, https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/xylitol-101, https://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/uncategorized/xylitol-its-everywhere/, https://www.petmd.com/dog/emergency/poisoning-toxicity/6-dangerous-and-surprising-items-contain-xylitol, What xylitol is and the common products that contain it. Some even thought that a little pain was good for a pet because it kept them from overdoing it during recovery from a surgery. They will guide you as to what to do next. Xylitol is present in many products and foods for human use, but can have devastating effects on your pet. In these cases, the use of plasma transfusions, vitamin K and other medications may be necessary. Xylitol is a natural sweetener found in sugar-free gum (including nicotine gum), mints, candy, baked products and beverages. 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