Punjab Province (British India) § Agriculture, Learn how and when to remove this template message, having the second-slowest GDP per capita growth rate of all Indian states and UTs between 2000 and 2010, Timeline of the economy of the Indian subcontinent, militancy that occurred in Punjab during the 1980s, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, Punjab State Board of Technical Education and Industrial Training, List of institutions of higher education in Punjab, List of Monuments of National Importance in Punjab, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020", "Weekly Statistical Supplement – Ratio and Rates", "How Punjab [sic] economy can be revived", "Punjab, Star of India's Rise, Faces Steep Fall", "Centrally Planned Inequality: The Tale of Two States – Punjab and Bihar", "Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of India – Agricultural Statistics at a glance 2018", "Top 5 wheat producing states in India: Facts and Figures", "States with highest and lowest production of wheat in last four years", Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, "State-wise Production of Rice from 2010–11 to 2014–15", Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, "Top 10 rice producing states in India: Rice production and area under cultivation", "Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India – Opportunities in Dairy Sector in India", "Nation Dairy Development Board, Government of India – Milk Production by States/UTs", "The Bhangra Breakdown – June 2014 Edition", "Kirron Kher tries to get film city for Chandigarh", "Kirron Kher is trying to bring a film city to Chandigarh", "How Punjab became home to India's largest non-film music industry", "Everyone's a rockstar in Mohali, the city at the heart of a Punjabi music boom", "Sikh Period – National Fund for Cultural Heritage", "Punjab Under Colonialism: Order and Transformation in British India", "Why Punjab has suffered Long, Steady Decline", "Farm suicides unabated in Punjab, over 900 in 2 years", "From debt to unemployment, Punjab's entire economy needs reform, not just agriculture", Capt Amarinder Government announces major relaxations to boost investment by industry during pandemic, "India fares badly on global hunger index", "rediff.com: India's 13 most debt-ridden states", "Economy of the Federal States For Year 2011 & Population for Year 2011", "Official site of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, India", "The Jats in Punjab comprise only 21 per cent population of the total 60 per cent Sikhs, yet they have been ruling and dominating politics in Punjab for decades", Simmering discontent: Sikhs in Punjab are fighting many wars, "Department of Agriculture, Government of Punjab, 2006", "Road crash severity highest in Ludhiana, 3rd in Amritsar", "BRTS project planned for Amritsar and Ludhiana was the world's most preferred transport system", "List of 50 world-class railway stations", "Punjab government signs pact to study hyperloop transport feasibility", "Punjabi language Bill passed – Indian Express", "Punjab government calls for strict implementation of 2008 Languages Act", Ministry of Human Resource Development, G. o. In its 2020-21 Budget announced on February 28th, Haryana government allocated Rs 454 crore for management of crop residue. [68], Since 1965, the use of high-yielding varieties of seeds, increased fertilisers and improved irrigation facilities collectively contributed to the Green Revolution in India, which improved the condition of agriculture by increasing crop productivity, improving crop patterns and strengthening forward and backward linkages between agriculture and industry. Population of Punjab is growing at a good rate Its road, rail, air and transport system is rated one of the best in the country with ranking of 210 points compared to the national average of 100 in NCAER's infrastructure index. 1000 crores will be used for care of migrant labourers and Rs.100 crores will be given to support vaccine development. Jat Sikhs forms a larger part of Sikh This stemmed from increasing political security and improvements in infrastructure and communications. Taylor, S., Singh, M., Booth, D. (2007) Migration, development and inequality: Eastern Punjabi transnationalism. Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh will take the first shot of the anti-COVID vaccine in the state after it is cleared by the ICMR following which 1.25 lakh health workers would receive it. The total population in India is estimated at 1.366 billion or 1,366 million or 136.6 crore people in 2019. 48% from the Power generated at the Pong Project. [91], Overall textile production of Punjab is predictable at Rs.105000 Million, as well as Rs.32500 Million sell abroad of knitwear, shawls, made-ups (bed sheets, pillow cases, duvet covers, and curtains) and yarns. production and per capita income. 2, Robert W. Stern, Democracy and Dictatorship in South Asia, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001, p.53, Ian Talbot, Punjab and the Raj, 1988, page 41, Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration – "Darshan Singh Tatla – Sikh free and military migration during the colonial period", Cambridge University Press, 2 Nov 1995, p.69, Kalim Siddiqui, Conflict, Crisis and War in Pakistan, Springer, 18 Jun 1972, p.92, Tan Tai Yong, The Garrison State: Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849–1947,, SAGE Publications India, 7 Apr 2005, p.291, Tan Tai Yong, The Garrison State: Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849–1947, SAGE Publications India, 7 Apr 2005, p.291, Rajit K. Mazumder, The Indian Army and the Making of Punjab, Orient Blackswan, 2003, p.23, Rajit K. Mazumder, The Indian Army and the Making of Punjab, Orient Blackswan, 2003, p.3. Total population of Punjab as per 2011 census is 27,743,338 of which male and female are 14,639,465 and 13,103,873 respectively. 300 crore employment in the country with a population of 132 crore Alone in Uttar Pradesh Farmers of India’s Punjab region have been protesting against new agricultural reforms for over a month Punjab chief minister Amarinder Singh says Punjab govt took prompt action in Hoshiarpur rape case, accused arrested without delay 974.96 crore for the corresponding period of last year thereby registering a rise of 8.23 percent. Other religions - 0.36%, Population So, the need for the current hour is that as a nation we all contribute to controlling it. CM Captain Amarinder to get first shot of Covid vaccine in Punjab A government statement said that in line with the Government of India strategy for vaccination, Punjab has prioritised healthcare workers, frontline workers, the elderly population (over 50 … The barons collected a very moderate rent, and that mostly in kind. [9][10][11][12][13][14], The Green Revolution yielded great economic prosperity during its early years. Yet, it accounts for 11.9 per cent of the wheat production and 12.5 per cent of the rice grown in India. b) 155MW Hydro Power Plants on Bhakra Main Line at Ganguwal and Kotla, [77], Economic liberalisation in India propelled India to become the fastest growing major economy in the world. It reached further 24.3 million [101], Punjab has 23 universities, of which ten are private, 9 are state, one is central and three are deemed universities. [31] The state's bustling tourism, music,[32][33] culinary, and film[34][35] industries contribute to the state's economy as well, and are amongst the largest in India despite the state's small size and population, including India's largest music industry. [61] Upon completion of their terms of service, these personnel were often amongst the first to seek their fortunes abroad. Another main tourist destination is religious and historic city of Sri Anandpur Sahib where large number of tourists come to see the Virasat-e-Khalsa (Khalsa Heritage Memorial Complex) and also take part in Hola Mohalla festival. The rabi or the spring harvest consists of wheat, gram, barley, potatoes and winter vegetables. The state government agency for collecting macroeconomic statistics is the Economic and Statistical Organisation Punjab (ESO). The rampant irrigation practices led to eventual soil degradation. [70] Punjab's prosperity following the Green Revolution became a model to which other states aspired to reach. Total energy of the state is provided by the PSPCL own Thermal Plants Three new medical colleges were being started in Punjab at a cost of about Rs.1000 crore adding the minister said that medical college Mohali to be started in 2021. Devi Talab Mandir is a Hindu temple located in Jalandhar. During 2019-20, funds amounting to Rs 273.80 crore, Rs 192.06 crore and Rs 105.29 crore have also been released to the governments of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, respectively. Punjab Population 2011. lives in rural areas. Department of School Education and Literacy, "World Heritage Day: 8 places to visit in Punjab", Lonely Planet tips Mumbai as a must-see destination in 2008, "सुदर्शन चक्र ने किए थे देवी सती के 51 टुकड़े, यहां भी कटकर गिरा शरीर का भाग", "Pictures displayed at media centre attract visitors to 'Kila Raipur' games", "Kila Raipur sports festival begins today", "Amritsar-based Partition Museum to ink pact with Manchester Museum", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Punjab,_India&oldid=999566180, Articles with dead external links from December 2020, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from January 2021, Articles needing cleanup from January 2021, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from January 2021, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from January 2021, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing cleanup from December 2020, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from December 2020, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from December 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2014, Articles to be expanded from January 2021, Articles with empty sections from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Punjab is a state in the northern region of India. During this time frame, production of cotton has also increased: from 1.08 million bales (170 kg each) to 2.2 million bales, making up about 11–12% of the country's total production of cotton. Since, the HYV seeds technically can be applied only in a land with assured water supply and availability of other inputs like chemicals, fertilizers etc. In addition to that it gets its share from Yhdro Power Plants under the control of BBMB. 1991 was estimated to be 20.19 million. [47], Although many kingdoms and rulers issued coins, barter was prevalent. [106] Examples include various sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, the ancient fort of Bathinda, the architectural monuments of Kapurthala, Patiala, and Chandigarh, the modern capital designed by Le Corbusier. Out of Rs 3100 crore, a sum of approximately Rs.2000 crore will be earmarked for the purchase of ventilators, Rs. Average number of persons to whom work offered in May this year has been 2.51 crore per day, which is 73 percent higher than the work offered in … Hindus forms the second largest community with 34% population. In its 2020-21 Budget announced on February 28th, Haryana government allocated Rs 454 crore for management of crop residue. With a growth rate of 1.4% (yearly) in population, total number of people living in Punjab in 2013 was 28,485,384. [81] Punjab has also seen strong economic growth, but since 2005 the state's growth has fallen below India's national average. Villages paid a portion of their agricultural produce as revenue to the rulers, while their craftsmen received a part of the crops at harvest time for their services. Percentage of villages connected by metalled roads 97%, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 21:03. As per details from Census 2011, Punjab has population of 2.77 Crores, an increase fro. The rules of haq shufd did not permit land to be sold to an outsider. Ultimately, this is leading to foreign ownership over most of India's farmland, undermining farmers' interests. Home to majority of Sikhism followers, Punjab is currently home to 31,254,208 people in India. The growth rate of the manufacturing sector was 5.8% in 2018–19, compared to 6.0% for the state's economy as a whole. Punjab lies in Northern part of India. with widespread road networks that serve isolated towns as well as the border region. All the cities and towns of Punjab are connected by four-lane national highways. by the end of 2001. Updated: 31 Dec 2020… Hindus - 38.49%, All cities connected by National Highways. Compared to the state of Uttar Pradesh and some other Indian states, the size of the sugar mills in Punjab is small. There are nearly 194,000 small scale industrial units in the state in addition to 586 large and medium units. communities. 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