The mausoleum of Halicarnassus is a funerary monument that was completed in -350 BC and was demolished definitively during the 15th century, after its stones were reused to build the castle St Peter. The Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Temple of Artemis and the Statue of Zeus were all destroyed. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb that was built between 353-350 BC at Halicarnassus (which is in Bodrum in Turkey) for a satrap in the Persian empire (called Mausolus.) When Mausolus inherited the kingdom from his father, he was quick to extend the territory. The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was built for Mausolus, the second ruler of Caria from the Hecatomnid dynasty (and nominally a Persian satrap) who died in 353 BC. He ruled alongside his wife, Artemisia, who was also his sister. When Mausolus died in 353 BC, Artemisia was reported to have been so broken-hearted she hired the most talented artists to create the most magnificent tomb in the world. It was built in Halicarnassus, which is now called Bodrum, in southwest Turkey. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Facts. The location and ultimate fate of the Hanging Gardens are unknown, and there is speculation that they may not have existed at all. Mausolus and Artemisia had ruled over Halicarnassus and the region surrounding it for 24 years. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was destroyed between the 12th century and 1402. The importance of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus for European culture is revealed by its very name, which – in many languages – has become a noun signifying any sufficiently monumental tomb. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was built by Artemisia after her husband Mausolus died. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus stood for many years but was eventually destroyed by earthquakes sometime between the 11th and 15th centuries AD. Instead the sculptors created scenes of everyday life and animals which was not looked at by religion as being unholy. In the year 377 BC, Halicarnassus was the capital of a large empire. Crusaders destroyed much of the visible remains of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in the late 1400s and early 1500s, using much of the stone and debris to extend or fortify the Bodrum castle, some of which can be seen today in the structure. Destroyed in the 12th to 15th century by successive earthquakes. The Knights of St John of Rhodes invaded the region and built Bodrum Castle (Castle of Saint Peter).When they decided to fortify it in 1494, they used the stones of the Mausoleum. As the man who refounded Halicarnassus, Mausolus was entitled to receive cultic honours and a tomb on the central square of his city, in accordance with Greek custom. It managed to survive so long despite so many other Structures being destroyed because the engravings were not those of Greek gods. This was a common practice during his time. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (Bodrum, Turkey), was a massive tomb built for Mausolus, the ruler of Caria, c. 350 BCE. Halicarnassus was an important city of the kingdom of Caria, a kingdom become independent under the governor Mausole for which the monument was built. Constructed: 353-350 BC More Information. -The mausoleum was largely destroyed in an earthquake in the 13th century and its remains were later used in the fortification of a castle. -In 1846, pieces of one of the mausoleum’s friezes were extracted from the castle and now reside, along with other relics from the Halicarnassus … The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is also called the Tomb of Mausolus. 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