Microbes in soil keep up water, the earth having microbes has higher water holding capacity. It is important to consider that various microorganisms and a great number of analyses are often required. 1206 Words 5 Pages. Career In Microbiology, Microbiology has generated a whole lot of buzz from the previous few years resulting in a rush within the variety of college students who need to pursue this discipline as a profession.. Thanks. Hence they use hand gloves, face masks to prevent being infected themselves. All growing plants, therefore, require it in their metabolism. Hence they are called natural pesticides. There are many types of sterilization used industry. Microbiology, study of microorganisms, or microbes, a diverse group of generally minute simple life-forms that include bacteria, archaea, algae, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. Diversity surveying, community fingerprinting, and functional interrogation of natural populations have become common, enabled by a battery of molecular and bioinformatics techniques. The fertility of soil is proportional to its nitrogen content. Microbiology helps us to identify the microorganisms that exist in food. It has contributed significantly to human life for various daily needs. It is a field in biology that is extensively used in engineering, medicine, science and technology, agriculture and other valuable form of applications. Bacteria break down the organic matter in sewage, helping to clean the water before this water released back into the environment. 3) New drug discovery: Also, many new drugs are in the search by the use of microbiology. This expiry date indicates until when the drug is active. Interested in studying infectious diseases, which is the microorganisms [1]. It is used for oil degradation. 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In medicine, microbiology is taught to let pupils understand. were derived from microbes; still, the microorganisms are searched for more new drugs. As we know that petroleum oil is toxic and pollution caused by oil is a major ecological concern. Scientists use good bacteria against pathogenic bacteria to prevent food contamination. Some of the main features of the microbiology which are used in our daily life are discussed here. A bacterium called Lactobacillus converts the lactose sugar present in milk to lactic which results in the conversion of milk into curd. Change a few things up and try submitting again. Also, their presence can cause new infections to the patient when administered. Biologists use microbiology to develop new methods for preventing illness. Microbes decompose the synthetic pesticide residues and other toxic material in agriculture soil and thereby protecting farms from toxin accumulation. Though these organisms form only a fraction (less than one percent) of the total soil mass, but they play important role in supporting plant communities on the earth surface. There are four type of microorganisms that causes infectious disease are bacteria, parasites, fungi and viruses. Then rDNA(Recombinant DNA) technique involving E.coli bacteria was adopted to produce large amounts of human insulin which are even safe. Enzymes like streptokinase which help in the breakdown of clots are obtained from bacteria. Hence drugs are to be kept free from any form of living organisms. Note: Also mention any other uses of microbiology if you know below in comments. Importance of environmental microbiology: Soil microbiology is very important to maintain soil structure and nature. It is a technology for carrying out immunofluorescence studies that may be applied to find specific cells in complex biological systems. 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