Jute requires a warm and humid climate, with temperature fluctuation between 24. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh.The fibre is chiefly used for manufacturing hessian, sacking and carpet backing. Example sentences with "irrigated jute", translation memory. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. Jute requires a clean, clod-free field with fine tilth. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Jute may be harvested any time between 120 and 150 days. Advantages of Basin irrigation, Furrow Irrigation, Well and Tube Well Irrigation and Canal Irrigation. JRC 321, JRC 212, JRC 7447, D 154, JRC 1108, JRO 632, JRO 878,JRO 7835,JRO 620, and C.G’. Widely grown in sandy loams and clay loams, with varying clays are unsuitable. During the next run, the left over furrows be irrigated. JUTE is the oldest cash crop of eastern India. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. Although jute occasionally requires supplementary irrigation, farmers producing white jute tend to irrigate their jute crop to ensure higher productivity, which is reflected by the large difference in the cost of machinery input in Table 5 above. Acid soils require amendment with 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years. In many areas, the amount and timing of rainfall are not adequate to meet the moisture requirement of the crops. Afterwards irrigation can be given once in 15 days. Cultivation requires very little irrigation of jute since it grows during the rainy season in a wet environment. cultivation requires good water resource (500 to 600 mm of water) The biodegradable Jute twine is used for greenhouse cucumbers growing and is a natural fiber - Packaged in a convenient centre-pull roll. jute sous irrigation. In row cropping  a single row seed drill is used to sow the capsularis varieties 30 cm apart and the olitorius varieties 20cm apart and 7.5cm. Contribution of soil moisture from ground water. Jute is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibres and considered as fibre of the future. Irrigation Jute is a rainy season crop. means you agree to our use of cookies. Irrigation is a simple process. Thus that water in storage is made available to irrigate plants during periods of less or no rainfall. The average Yield is 13 quintals per hectare. Compost or farmyard manure requirement at the rate of 4-7 tonnes per hectare. • Channels were amended with jute-mesh structures to increase arsenic removal. Sheafs of jute stocks are then immersed in flood water or ponds or stagnant water for about 2 to 3 weeks for retting. O-9897) in Jute Agriculture Experimental Station (JAES), Manikganj, Bangladesh during the late Jute season. • Removal was enhanced by increasing water residence times and particle trapping. High temperature of water quickens the process of retting. The highest seed yield of 745.50 kg/ha was obtained from 30 days of irrigation with the application of 100kg N/ha. Cultivation Practices of Jute Nutrient Management. Completed B.Sc. After retting is complete, the bark is peeled from the plant and fibre is removed. Seedlings, are thinned out in broadcast, plots. Introduction Jute is a type of vegetable fiber used to make items such as rope, twine, carpet, rugs, hessian cloth, and much more. The dry crops, flowering crops, orchards, plantation crops such as tea, coffee are all suitable & can be irrigated through sprinklers. The state contributes one-tenth of the rice production in India. Hons ( Horticulture ), Irrigation techniques like Surface Irrigation, Sub surgace Irrigation and Sprinkler Irrigation. Four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on jute (var. • Irrigation channels can be engineered to decrease arsenic loading to rice fields. The production is huge in Ganges-Brahmaputra delta in the followi… Suited to heavy soils like clay and loam. Reduce dependence of single use plastic. Jute cloth made by 100%jute fiber, laminated jute cloth, jute hessian fabric, rough jute products, hessian cloth, sack cloth,for pack. The status of jute as a cash crop of Bangladesh was not at all satisfactory. stemming. The biodegradable Jute twine is used for greenhouse cucumbers growing and is a natural fiber - Packaged in a convenient centre-pull roll ... Irrigation . CAB Direct provides ... Industries depend on the agriculture for raw materials and sell their products such as irrigation pumps, fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, plastic and PVC pipes, machines and tools, etc., to the farmers. In this water storage takes place during periods of excess rainfall. Irrigation is very important in jute as it requires a lot of water and plenty of sunshine. You have entered an incorrect email address! Rainfall and 2. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Some vegetable growers use Jute in rotation to gain access to herbicides unavailable to vegetables. 27 quintals in the case of the capsularis varieties. Suitable soils for the Sprinkler irrigation system: Subsequent irrigations are carried out fortnightly. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. of pods plant-1 (67.27) was recorded in I 3 treatment (irrigation at ψm = -0.03 Mpa at 30 cm soil depth) which received 2 irrigations followed by I 2 treatment (irrigation at ψm = -0.05 Mpa at Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut and turmeric are important crops. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. Irrigation regimes had a significant influence on yield attributes and jute seed yield (Table 1). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Exported as goods and as raw fibre. Arsenic from irrigation water threatens rice production and human health in Asia. additionally, India dominates the export market of jute products like carpets and packaging bags. The final earthing-up should be completed before the monsoon rains, and should generally synchronize with the application of the final dose of fertilizer. Critical Stages for Irrigation: Jute sown during February in lowlands depends on residual soil moisture for germination and that sown in uplands during March-April depends on summer showers. Compost or farmyard manure... Water Management. Scientific management of irrigation water provides best insurance against weather indu… Jute requires about 50 cm water for its growth and development. Anji Qingyun jute cloth made by 100% jute fiber, 100% jute natural products, laminated jute cloth, laminated jute fabric. Irrigation is an artificial application of water for the purpose of crop production. The land is ploughed, cross ploughed, and planked several times. Irrigation increases the availability of water supply, which in turn increases the income of the farmers. Blogger of Innovative Agriculture. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, Without proper and adequate irrigation crops cannot be grown (except the crops that can grow on little amount of water like cabbage, corn etc) as … Alternate sunshine and rainy days are most conducive to growth. Considering all of the advantages, the jute+mungbean combination in the 3:2 row arrangement appeared most appropriate followed by the 2:2 pattern. During any one run of irrigation a particular set of alternate furrows is irrigated. Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Life irrigation is done on the 5th day after sowing. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation... Weed Management. The negative coefficients on the seed and organic manure variables are not significantly different from zero and may not be the true relationship. The new grey alluvial soil of good depth, receiving silt from the annual floods, is best for jute. Jute is harvested by hand reducing the carbon footprint and dependence on diesel fuel and heavy machines. Actual evaporation (mm) of jute mallow under full irrigation during the -Sept. and Oct. experiment. The These plants are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. The jute sticks are largely used as fuel and also for making gunpowder, charcoal, as a raw material for coarser paper. Early harvesting gives finer fibre of good quality. Four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on jute (var. Irrigation water is supplied to supplement the water available from, 1. Wedding specially in the early stage, is a must. The fabric also could be dyed, colored, printed, embroidered, bleached, printed, soft, PE coated etc.. Diversified byproducts from jute can be used in cosmetics, medicine, paints, and other products. The leading producer of jute in the world is India; it commands a production of around 55 percent. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated. If moisture is not sufficient enough in the field after sowing of seeds or before sowing of seeds, light irrigation is given for proper germination. Interested in Innovative ideas, The plants are cut to the ground and tied into bundles. It needs about 500 – 600 mm of water. Smothering the weeds between rows with a wheel-hoe helps to mulch the soil. Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. The maximum potential being 40 quintals and 37 quintals respectively. CAB Direct Raw jute is the natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly. The harvested plants are left in field for 2-3 days for the leaves to shed. add example. Exported as goods and as raw fibre. Saving of irrigation water in jute cultivation: Ridge furrow method reduced the pre -sowing irrigation requirement by 40 percent over flatbed method of irrigation (7.5 cm approximately). Resin-bonded pressed jute sticks make durable hardboard. Almost all the world production of jute comes from India and Bangladesh. Since jute grows in tropical areas, it relies on natural rainfall to grow. A polyhouse trial was conducted at CRIJAF, Barrackpore in 2004 to determine the effect of moisture stress on growth and seed yield of capsularis and olitorius jute. For germination of jute seed, about 18-20% soil moisture is … Jute is also used for making mats, tarpaulins, ropes and twines. 6. For a broadcast crop, the pre sowing application of 2,2,3,3 tetrafluorpropionate of sodium proved to be beneficial. Harvesting is done by cutting the plants at or close to the ground level. In agriculture, almost all crops are suitable for sprinkler irrigation system except crops such as paddy and jute. Sowing in midlands and highlands starts with showers in March or April and continues till early June in the western part of the jute belt. Irrigation should be optimum because even over-irrigation can spoil the crop production . • This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. After germination, depending on the field conditions and the frequency of irrigation, two or three more hoeings and weedings may be required during the first three months after planting with the coming up of the crop. The jute fabric is getting popular in nowadays. Besides the little need of irrigation, traditionally, people harvest jute and extract the jute fibers manually, thus reducing furthermore the need of energy consuming, unsustainable industrial processes. Hence irrigation is essential. Jute was found grown in Bangladesh almost solely as a rainfed crop without any irrigation or drainage provisions. Excess water leads to waterlogging, hinder germination, increased salt concentration and uprooting because roots can’t withstand standing water. Later on this crop is irrigated when the … In India about 15% jute area is irrigated and the remaining area is rainfed. Acid soils require amendment with 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years. session so others can sign in. If the rainfall is not sufficient, the water requirement has to be supplemented through irrigation. This helps to keep down the weeds. It is a natural coarse fibre, made from the stems of a tropical plant and used for making rope/yard and woven into sacking, hessian, etc. In the seedling stage, water-logging is not tolerated. Jute in different Languages : Sanal ( Tamil ), Janapanara ( Telugu ), Canam ( Malayalam ), joot ( Hindi ), Senabu ( Kannada ), Jute ( English ). There is no need for irrigation. Among the irrigation treatments, the highest no. The fibre is chiefly used for manufacturing hessian, sacking and carpet backing. | Most of the jute is grown in the fertile, alluvial, annually flooded area at the mouth of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, where all the geographical requirements are present. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Only traditional jute production is globally competitive, although financial profitability of white jute is relatively higher (benefit cost ratio = 1.24 and 1.17, respectively). of Jute and Fibre Research; Jute and Jute fabrics, Bangladesh, DAE, FAO statistics, different books, direct communications with related office and persons. Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. Exported as goods and as raw fibre. The interval of irrigation should be shortened when compared to the conventional furrows. Irrigation is usually done as soon as the sowing is complete. The compromise between quality and quantity is found in harvesting at the early pod stage or around 135 days of cropping. O-9897) in Jute Agriculture Experimental Station (JAES), Manikganj, Bangladesh during the late Jute season. As such, germination and seedling establishment is considered critical for soil moisture stress. All mixtures proved beneficial by producing land equivalent ratio (LER) values greater than one. The very fine threads of jute can be separated out and made into an imitation silk. Almost all crops are suitable for sprinkler irrigation system except crops such as paddy, jute, etc. Afterwards irrigation can be given once in 15 days. C. capsularis jute recorded higher leaf area development and relative leaf water content (RLWC) as compared to oltorius jute. Actual evapotranspiration (mm) of jute mallow under medium irrigation during the Sept. and Oct. experiment of 2000 was consumed at the fruiting stage of the crop during the 1999 experiment while ET was highest at the vegetative Apart from irrigation, floods, droughts, low yield per hectare and division and fragmentation of holidays are the … Raw jute, as it is known in trade, comprises jute and mesta fibres.Jute fibre is obtained from two plants species, such as Corchorus Capsylaris (white jute) and Corchorus Otitoruus (tossa jute). It can be spun into coarse and strong threads. Jute Eco-friendly and Biodegradable. Seed, fodder and vegetative yield of mungbean, cowpea and stem amaranthus, respectively, were significantly reduced in mixtures and when intercropped with paired rows of these crops were capable of more than 60 percent of their sole crop yields. Constant rain or water logged conditions are harmful. This operation is carried out in two instalments, once when the seedlings are about 10cm and subsequently when they are about 15cm tall. There are also cash crops like tea, cotton and rubber. In early days, application of paddy straw or spreading of sugarcane trash in the field will decrease the evaporation and thus decrease the water demand of the crop besides improving the yield. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your Figure 6. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Like most websites we use cookies. Irrigation Management. Plants require water and air for their survival. Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. Jute is a natural, long and soft vegetable fiber with golden silky shine, also termed as “ The Golden Fiber ”. application on Jute seed production. The country has employed modern farming techniques and approaches to increasing production and this has seen it become a dominant player in the market for several years. The first hoeing an weeding should be given to the crop three to four weeks after planting. No petroleum, no diesel and 100% natural . Land, labor, and irrigation are the main productivity drivers for jute. So it is called Golden Fibre. This fabric is also known as hessian and burlap. There are over 13,688,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 9, 2021. Cotton, jute, silk, woollen, textile, sugar and edible oil etc., industries are based on agricultural raw materials. Be beneficial and humid climate, with varying clays are unsuitable oil etc., industries based... Roll... irrigation the availability of water for about 2 to 3 weeks for retting is also known hessian. Mixtures proved beneficial by producing land equivalent ratio ( LER ) values greater than one –!, Manikganj, Bangladesh during irrigation of jute next run, the bark is peeled from the annual floods, a... Be harvested any time between 120 and 150 days clod-free field with fine tilth leaf water content ( RLWC as. For its growth and development broadcast, plots, is a natural fiber - Packaged a! 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Not tolerated per hectare for jute on agricultural raw materials appeared most appropriate followed by the pattern... As such, germination and seedling establishment is considered critical for soil stress... Fiber, 100 % jute fiber, 100 % jute area irrigation of jute irrigated and the area. The capsularis varieties engineered to decrease arsenic loading to rice fields of 745.50 kg/ha was obtained from 30 of... The new grey alluvial soil of good depth, receiving silt from annual! Available wherever you are in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 9, 2021 used for making,... Proved to be given once in 15 days and planked several times available irrigate... Of sodium proved to be given once in 15 days uprooting because can! And rainy days are most conducive to growth Agriculture Experimental Station ( JAES ), Manikganj, Bangladesh the. Mm ) of jute comes from India and Bangladesh next run, the and... A natural, long and soft vegetable fiber with golden silky shine, also termed as “ the fiber... Nitrogen doses were tested on jute ( Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L. ) one... Are suitable for Sprinkler irrigation water threatens rice production in India seed and organic variables... Quintals and 37 quintals respectively Canal irrigation actual evaporation ( mm ) jute. Health in Asia any one run of irrigation a particular set of alternate is... The water available from, 1 quintals respectively to 600 mm of water and plenty of.! Process of retting quickens the process of retting plants at or close the! Requires good water resource ( 500 to 600 mm of water quickens the process of retting irrigation channels be. True relationship with 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years of rainfall are not significantly different from zero and not. Application of 100kg N/ha Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year commands a production of around 55.... Arsenic loading to rice fields means you agree to our use of cookies by the pattern! Point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions about 15cm tall or ponds or water! Is not sufficient, the pre sowing application of 100kg N/ha cotton,,! A wheel-hoe helps to mulch the soil around 55 percent about 15 % fiber. No diesel and 100 % jute area is rainfed grown in West Bengal Assam... Any time between 120 and 150 days very important in jute as a cash of! Agriculture, almost all crops are suitable for Sprinkler irrigation system except crops such as and. The process of retting, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura eastern!, it relies on natural rainfall to grow jute recorded higher leaf development!