It is therefore, management’s responsibility to see that a programme is instituted and that it is frequently reviewed and updated. This may include monitoring plant power supplies, water supplies and other essential services that cannot be shut down for every emergency alarm. /S 1515 Striking gear and devices for cutting off power 25. << Sudden and uncontrolled leak of contaminant will give rise to a disastrous condition, magnitude of which will depend on the type of chemicals as well as its inventory. Medical Assistance plays an important role, during an emergency, especially when a major fire and explosion occurs. If necessary, the police will assist to set up an Emergency Control Centre. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 Sec. They include tanks, vaults, pits, sewers, pipelines, silos and vessels. Hegde Patil, S.B. %%EOF Mr. R. R. Nair has more than 50 year’s experience in Occupational Safety, Health & Fire Protection. 303/304, 3rd floor, Harmony Tower, Procedures to be followed by employees, who remain to perform critical plant operations before they evacuate. Emergency escape procedures and emergency escape route assignments. Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier.—. To assess the situation and determining whether an emergency exists which requires activating the emergency procedures. List of hazardous Process indicated under section 2(cb) of factories Act 1948. ... is there regular onsite emergency mock drills involving evacuation drills? endobj 5.0 EMERGENCY RESPONSE CHART. STATUTORY PROVISIONS Model Factories Rules framed by DGFASLI under Section 41(B) provides for: The emergency plan should be revised periodically and updated to maintain adequate response personnel and programme efficiency. startxref A responsible person in the Control Centre should be appointed to account for personnel and to inform police or emergency response team member of those persons believed missing. An updated written list should be kept of Key Personnel listed in order of priority. It is mandatory as per Section 41B (4) of Factories Act 1948. << United Kingdom, Health and Safety Executive – A guide to Control of Industrial Major Accidents – Hazard Regulations, 1984, London, HMSO, 1984. trailer The On-Site Emergency Plan is a mandatory document under various statutes of India. Power to apply provisions applicable to factories to certain other places. 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To conduct cases under the Factories Act, 1948 before the Magistrate as APP; Assist the District Authority in the preparation of the District off-site emergency plan; To work as a Member Secretary of crisis groups formed under the Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response)Rules, 1996; Recognition of Competent Persons The size of the team will vary from organisation to organisation. 0000007817 00000 n 7-A. LTD Procedures to account for all employees after emergency evacuations has been completed. Geneva, International Labour Office, 1998. Factories Act 1948? 2, December, 1984. E-mail: shib@vsnl.com / rajan.shib@gmail.com. 2nd ed., Houstan, Texas, Gulf, 1986. Areas of large inventories of hazardous materials, including chemical storage tanks, reactors, drums and compressed gas cylinders. Nair, R.R. Ambulance service should be available to handle any emergency. /O 1634 Your email address will not be published. (Attach Emergency Response Agreement if available) * - N/A. To direct the safe shutdowns of plant operations when necessary. The procedures for reporting fire and other emergencies. 1. 2 ... 82 I. /Outlines 345 0 R Factory Act-1948. FACTORIES ACT, 1948 . Power to exempt during public emergency. Emergency plans. %���� Work on or near machinery in motion 23. To declare the withdrawal of emergency at the site. In other words, the disaster plan is in effect, an orderly assimilation of the consideration to the activities necessary for the co-ordination of rescue, firefighting, medical needs, welfare requirements and the preservation of life and property. /N 74 All employees must be told, what actions they are to take in the emergency situation that may occur in the workplace. Assigning Rescue and Medical duties for these employees who have to perform them. The Factories Act, 1948 (Act No. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH & SAFETY REVIEW(formally known as INDUSTRIAL SAFETY REVIEW) is India’s leading Monthly Magazine on Health, Safety, Fire & Security Industry. The emergency response plan should be developed locally and should be comprehensive enough to deal with all type of emergencies. This hazard arises as a result of three properties, viz. List of Dangerous Operations prescribed under rule 95 of Tamil Nadu Factories Rules 1950. Use of various types of fire extinguishers. (1) The occupier of every factory involving a hazardous process shall disclose in the manner prescribed all information regarding dangers, including health hazards and the measures to overcome such hazards arising from the exposure to or handling of the materials or substances in the manufacture, … The input and support of all employees must be obtained to ensure an effective on-site emergency programme. Manufacture of aerated water and process incidental thereto . Madan Mohan and Nair, R.R. Onsite emergency Plan is prepared by Factory Management and submitted to Factory Inspectorate (Now called Directorate of Safety & Health), Offsite emergency plan is prepared by District collectorate by appointing a consultant with their Govt Functioning, and controls the entire govt. If management is not interested in employee protection and minimizing property loss, very little can be done to promote a safe workplace. Modern industry, characterized by complex process and technology is open to an ever increasing danger form disasters, which can seriously affect the safety, security and stability of the organisation. To direct all action in the areas including evacuation personnel and minimizing property loss. 4. The Factories Act, 1948 (Factory Wing - Gujarat) 21. 9. MSIHC Rules, 1989. Persons trained in First-Aid should be available. India, The Maharashtra Factories Rules, 1963 – Bombay, Labour Law Agency, 1994. >> The team members should be trained in the following areas: Emergency response teams should be trained, in the types of possible emergencies and the emergency actions to be performed. Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers 28. 0000007669 00000 n India, The Factories Act, 1948 with Amendments of 1987. 0000001703 00000 n Disaster Control and Management Plan 93 82K. # Every occupier shall, with the approval of the Chief Inspector, draw up an on-site emergency plan and detailed disaster control measures for his factory and make known to the workers employed therein and to the general public living in the vicinity of the factory the safety measures required to be taken in the event of an accident taking place. /O 349 A number of chemicals produced and used in the chemical industry are one of hazardous nature. There are various measures under Factories Act 1948 which are taken by factories for health, safety and welfare of their workers. During such emergencies, normal services such as electricity, water and telephones may not exist. Publisher - Health Magazine, Fire Magazine, Safety Magazine, Security Magazine. It must provide for the following: emergency procedures, including an effective response to an emergency; evacuation procedures 348 0 obj Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Each works shall formulate an emergency/disaster management plan, detailing explicitly what action will be taken in the event of a major accident occurring on site, to prevent further escalation and to ensure rapid control. Every industry is exposed to threat of disasters, both man-made and natural due to variety of causes. LXIII OF 1948] (23rd September, 1948) An Act to consolidate and amend the law regulating labour in factories. Details of Fire Prevention & Fire Fighting 5. Exemption from certain provisions of the Act. /Prev 614480 Schedule I. Emergency phone numbers of Key Persons and Organisations should be posted on or near telephones and other conspicuous locations. (b) "Appendix" means an appendix appended to the Rules. << This is to be dovetailed with Off-Site Emergency Plan. Nair, R. R. Bhopal Tragedy. Section 41B in The Factories Act, 1948. /Length 767 When new equipment, process, or materials are introduced, When procedures have been updated or revised, Chemical splash or contact with toxic materials, Unknown atmosphere that may contain inadequate oxygen to sustain life or toxic gases, vapours or mist, Safety glasses, goggles or face shields for eye protection, Helmets and safety shoes for head and foot protection, Whole body coverings, gloves, hoods and boots for body protection from chemicals, Whole body protection for abnormal environmental conditions such as extreme temperature. For large sites or where toxic releases might be anticipated, consideration should be given for setting up two Control Centres to ensure, that at least one centre will be available for use, should the other be disabled. The employer should explain to each employee the means of reporting emergencies. /E 9627 India, The Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986. with detailed disaster control measures for the factory and to educate the workers employed in the factory premises. The On-Site Emergency Plan is a mandatory document under various statutes of India. 4. First-Aid supplies should be provided for emergency use. 7. Some of these disasters are natural such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, cyclones, lightening, while others are man-made. Above all, this plan should be reviewed with employees initially when the plan is developed, whenever the employees responsibilities under the plan change and whenever the plan is changed. xref Information on Industrial Wastes 93 82L. – What Went Wrong? 63 of 1948), as amended by the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act 20 of 1987), served to assist in formulating national policies in India with respect to occupational safety and health in factories and docks in India. In major emergency situations, resources over and above these available at the works will be needed. Onsite and Offsite Emergency Plan Preparation . 2.2 Future Course of Off-site Emergency Plan Post Disaster Management Act, 2005 .....A-3 2.2.1 Off-site Emergency Plan and District Disaster Management Plan.....A-3 2.2.2 Co-existence of District Crisis Group (DCG) and District Disaster Incidentally, under Rule 13 and 14 of the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals (MSIHC) Rules, 1989, framed under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, it is the responsibility of District Collector or District Emergency Authority to prepare an Off-Site Emergency Plan. Accordingly, the Factories Act has been amended with a new provision of Sec 41B (4) emphasizing that every occupier shall, with the approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories, draw up an On-site Emergency Plan and detailed disaster control measures for his factory and make known to the workers employed therein and to the general public living in the vicinity of the factory the safety measures required to be … 5. 8. In other words, it contains critical information, which can assist emergency services personnel to formulate appropriate incident management strategies and tactics, when attending on an emergency at a plant. Such measures are provided under Chapters III, IV and V of the Act which are as follows: Chapter III of the Act deals with the following aspects. Short title, extent and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the Factories … 1 Name of the factory :- 2 Name of present address of the Occupier, ... 28 Whether up-to-date on-site emergency plan is approved/accepted by the competent authority or not if yes Casing of new machinery 27. Give date of preparation (c)Have you updated ON site emergency plan? /T 614492 Service Provider of Factory Act Certification - Test & Issue Safety Certificates For Equipment Under Factor, Drawings for Factory Inspectorate Approval, Issue of , Installation & Construction Certification Service and To Prepare Onsite Emergency Plan Certification Service offered by Southern Engineering Corporation, Madurai, Tamil Nadu. It may be necessary to notify other key personnel such as Plant Managers, Shift In-Charges, or Physicians during off duty hours. The various state Factories Rules made under the Factories Act, 1948, also prescribe the procedures to be followed in emergency planning, for example, Rule 73 (M), (N), (O), (P), (Q) and (R) of the Maharashtra Factories Rules, 1963, prescribe in details regarding the procedures to be followed in emergency planning, informing workers and the people in the neighbourhood, district administration and Chief Inspector of Factories. India, National Disaster Management Authority – National Disaster Management Guidelines: Preparation of State Disaster Management Plans, July 2007. Ramaswamy, S.S. & Nair R.R. The impact of such disasters depends on how well the management copes with such a situation. Assembly points, shelters, refuge areas, lunch rooms and canteens. stream Thane (W) – 400 602, MH, INDIA. and Nair, R.R. Where the manufacturing process or operation involves risk of bodily injury, poisoning or disease or any other hazard to health of the persons employed there in, the occupier shall employ such number of safety officer as prescribed by state government. Factories Act, 1948 (as amended) also requires that every occupier is to draw up an on-site emergency plan (O.S.E.P.) Bombay, Labour Law Agency, 1994. The preparation of an On-Site Emergency Plan is in itself an invaluable learning exercise and it should involve the manager, workforce, and the emergency services. The occupier of a factory carrying on a hazardous process, shall intimate the District Emergency Authority, all information having a bearing on preparation of an on-site emergency plan and a disaster control and management plan in respect of the factory. /MarkInfo << /Marked true >> (If none, write NIL) b) If yes, which are the hazardous ... submitted ON site emergency plan? Risk Assessment and preparation of Disaster Management Plan; HAZOP, HAZAN & HAZID study and System designs for hazardous processes ; Quantitative Risk Assessment; Onsite and Offsite Emergency Plan Major accidents/disasters in a factory is one which has the potential to cause serious injury or loss of life. Under these circumstances, an alternate area may be necessary, where employees can report or which can act as a focal point for incoming and outgoing calls. Training for each type of disaster response is necessary, so that employees or occupants know what actions are required to be taken. It added that the emergency plan set up by NLC did not have any measures to deal with incidents of smoldering. “The Onsite emergency plan prepared … /Filter /FlateDecode Before implementing an emergency action plan, a sufficient number of persons must be trained to assist in the safe and orderly evacuation of employees or occupants. FACTORIES ACT, 1948 (Corrected up to 31-3-1987) DIRECTORATE GENERAL FACTORY ADVICE SERVICE AND LABOUR INSTITUTES BOMBAY - 400 022. 358 0 obj << Email: shekhar@divyamediaonline.com. To ensure that outside emergency services such as police, medical aid and local fire brigade are called in when necessary. The man-made disasters included dangerous spills & leak of chemicals, fires & explosions, hit by external objects, contamination & poisoning of food, terrorist attacks, etc. 0000000017 00000 n Hello Dear, According to factory act,1948 Section 40-B provides that in every factory 1. Some of the duties and functions of the Emergency Response Coordinator are given below: During an emergency involving a major fire or explosion, it may be necessary to evacuate offices in addition to manufacturing areas. Short title and extent:- ... "Act" means the factories Act, 1948. The purpose of this Emergency Response Plan is to establish an organization structure and procedures for response to any emergencies. Section 41 A to H Hazardous Processes ; Section - 41 B (4) Occupier to draw up an On-Site Emergency Plan Disaster Control Measures for his factory ; Make safety measures to be taken in the event of an accident known to- - Workers - Public in the Vicinity; 18. It assigns the roles and responsibilities for the implementation of the plan during an emergency following the incident command system model. 347 0 obj Netaji Subhash Road, Court Naka, 0000007743 00000 n 1. FASLI News, Vol 1 No. The occupier should also make the plan known to the workers and general public in the vicinity of the factory, with safety measures required to be taken by them in case of an emergency. By virtue of the provision under Section 41-B (4) of the Factories Act, 1948 and its amendments of 1987, the occupier is expected to draw up the On-Site Emergency Plan along with detailed control measures for … If YES, what was the date of the last . and Chakravorti, S – Safe Handling of Hazardous Chemicals, (AICTE-CEP Publication – 1016), Bangalore, All India Council for Technical Education, Continuing Education Program, 2001. Some of the safety equipment that may be used include: Emergency situations may involve entering confined space to rescue employees overcome by toxic compounds or lack of oxygen. MAH Installations Threshold Quantity – Statutory Provisions on Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental Safety in India, (AICTE-CEP Publication – 957), Bangalore, All India Council for Technical Education, Continuing Education Program, 2000. Tel: +91-22-25380574/75, +91-22-25418254 Nair – Management of Industrial Hazards (AICTE-CEP Publication – 647), Bangalore, All India Council for Technical Education, Continuing Education Program, 1997. Eye washers or suitable equipment for quick drenching or flushing must be provided in the work area for immediate emergency use. 41) Whose responsibility normally it is to declare an Onsite Emergency in an industry? /Lang (en-US) This is a written set of instructions that outlines what workers and others at the workplace should do in an emergency. /Type /Catalog Experience has shown that such disasters can strike at the most unexpected time. The Emergency Control Centre is the place from which the operations to handle the emergency are directed and coordinated. Thus a Medical Assistance Team should be formed and the team should have: During emergency, it is often necessary to secure the area to prevent unauthorised access and to protect vital records and equipment. Kletz, Trevor A. The duties and functions of the team leaders can be written and included in the emergency plan document. The Gujarat Factories Rules, 1963 Chapter 1 [Preliminary] 1[1. Possible emergencies which can occur in site and remedial actions. Location of safety equipment including fire, explosion, spill and gas control kits. PREFACE The American Health Lawyers Association’s (Health Lawyers) hopes that legal counsel will find Emergency Preparedness, Response & Recovery Checklist: Beyond the Emergency Management Plan (Checklist) to be a useful and prac- tice tool in identifying the key legal and operational issues arising in the event of a public health crisis, terrorist – Safety and Loss Prevention in Process Industries, (AICTE-CEP Publication), Bangalore, All India Council for Technical Education, Continuing Education Program, 2002. An important element of mitigation is emergency planning, i.e., recognising that accidents are possible, assessing the consequences of such accidents, and deciding the emergency procedures both On-Site and Off-Site. The effectiveness of what we should do, if a disaster strike, will wholly depend upon how well we have prepared the On-Site Emergency Plan and train the people, who will have to implement them. 0000002305 00000 n Where 1000 or more workers are ordinarily employed or 2. *41B. It will be attended by the Emergency Response Coordinator or Incident Controller or Site Main Controller, Key Personnel and Senior Officers of the Fire Brigade, Police, Officials of the Factory Inspectorate, District Authorities , Emergency Services and Medical Personnel, etc. /ID [<21b1962428cb0407bbc6e55e641e1de6><21b1962428cb0407bbc6e55e641e1de6>] /L 621560 Entry into confined spaces can expose the employees to a variety of hazards, including toxic gases, explosive atmospheres, oxygen deficiency, electrical hazards and hazards created by mixers and impellors that have not been deactivated and locked out. And about 70 articles in various topics on safety, Health & fire protection Managers, Shift In-Charges or. 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