In the Axis occupation period, a German military command was established and German and Italian troops stationed in the city. Patras Science Park is an incubator for many small but upcoming technology companies. The architectural heritage of the city is dominated by neo-classicism, but also includes structures from other periods. [43], Intracom (Greece's largest multinational provider of telecommunications products) facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. In addition, Patras has been a Christian centre since the early days of Christianity, and it is the city where Saint Andrew was crucified. The city is also home to many leading Greek wineries and distilleries, among them the venerable Achaia Clauss and Parparoussi located in Rio. In general, much of Patras' coastline is framed by roads and avenues running alongside; these include Dymaion Coast to the south and Iroon Polytechneiou Street to the north. Another large Greek IT company, Unisystems announced recently (October 2018) the signing of a cooperation agreement with the Patras-based IT company Knowledge SA, that lays the foundation for the establishment of a Remote Development Center in Patras.[47]. Apart from the city center, the main districts of Patras are: Patras is the regional capital of Western Greece and the capital of the Achaea regional unit. Early Middle Odia (1200 - 1400): The earliest use of prose can be found in the Madala Panji of the Jagannath Temple, Puri, which date back to the 12th century. It holds relics of Andrew the Apostle, which were returned to the city of Patras from St. Peter's Basilica, Rome in September, 1964, on the orders of Pope Paul VI. Root-Digestive, Piles, Cough,  Leprosy,   Diarrhea, Scabies,  Ulcer, Rhizome-Nervine tonic  Jaundice, Asthma, Skin diseases, Flower, Root - Inflammation of cornea, Tooth ache, Leaves- Carminative, Hypoglycemic , Diabetes, Cold, Leaves, Seeds-Improves memory, Brain tonic, madness, disease of skin & nerve, Root- Antibacterial, Anti inflammatory, Paralysis, Obesity, Leaves, Seeds-Cold, cough Bronchitis Asthma, fever, Malaria, acne, memory tonic, revitalizer,  insect sting, Leaves, stem, bark - Mouth ulcer, antiseptic, toothache, astringent, digestive. Any suggestions will be greatly appreciated. The largest river in the area is the Glafkos, flowing to the south of Patras. Throughout its existence it has mounted critically acclaimed performances ranging from ancient dramaturgy and modern Greek, to international repertoire. This programme will among other things concentrate on art workshops, the transfer of know-how, way of life and entertainment.[55][56]. Other cultural institutes are: the Visual Arts Workshop, the icon painting school, the Carnival Float Workshop, the Municipal Library, the Municipal Gallery, along with many private art galleries. A number of notable neoclassical buildings are to be found, including the Apollon Theatre in Georgiou I Square, the City Hall, the headquarters of the Local Trade Association and the Court of Justice. The Agiou Nikolaou Stairs, Gerokostopoulou Stairs, Patreos Stairs and Trion Navarchon Stairs, outdoor grand staircases all over the centre of the city dividing the upper town from downtown. Of great importance for the biological diversity of the area and the preservation of its climate is the swamp of Agyia, a small and coastal aquatic ecosystem of only 30 ha (74 acres), north of the city centre. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός", Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas, "Birds, birding and conservation in Greece", "19th Century Patras: how the character of the city changed with the development of the port after 1828", http://9dim-patras.ach.sch.gr/images/2018-19/2018_11_25/video/mouseio.mp4, "RC - Patras, Restoration and preservation of the Roman amphitheatre of Patras", "Πάτρα: Το αρχαιότερο σε λειτουργία χαμάμ της Ελλάδας - Εκεί που εξαγνίζονται ψυχές και σώματα ανελλιπώς απο τον 17ο αιώνα! The Ottoman baths (16th century), still retain their initial use, and are one of the oldest Ottoman baths surviving in Europe. The city is divided into the upper and the lower section, connected with roads and broad stairs. In the Roman period, it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to the Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom. [54] The Patras 2006 proposal focuses on two central ideas: "bridges" and "dialogues". In the Byzantine era Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial centre. [40] The city hosts the second-largest flour-mills in Greece, Kepenou-Mills. Stem- Fever, Cold, Diuretic, Nervine tonic Fever, Rheumatism, Jaundice, Nervous system, Piles, Cough, Wood- Diabetes, haemostatic, , skin disease, arthritis, psoriasis, Root, Fruit-Tonic, Appetizer, Analgesic, Cough, Cold, asthma, piles,   rheumatism, Leaves, seed- Digestive diuretic, mouth & teeth diseases, anti septic, stimulant, cold & cough, Seed- Carminative, Skin disease, Ripe fruit-Laxative, Leaves-Diuretic, Jaundice, Nephritic syndrome Blood purifier, joint pain, leucorrhoea, Root(Dasamula)- Cough, prolapsed anus Whole plant- Fracture, Flower-Mild sedative, Antispasmodic, Emmenagogue & Febrifuge, Heart wood- Anti inflammatory, Febrifuge, Tonic,   headache, skin diseases, boils, Root - External application Rheumatism,  Leprosy, Syphilis , Gynecological problems,  Cough, Leave, Seed- Rheumatism, cough, Nervine tonic, Tuber-Stimulant, Expectorant, Carminative Asthma, heart diseases, sore throat, rheumatism, antibacterial, Fruit-Anti epileptic fits, Ant asthmatic, heart disease, RUKUNAA                         HATAPOCHAA, Leaves-Digestive, Gynecological  disorder, Liver stimulant, Kidney stone, Latex- Asthma, Bronchitis, Antiseptic, Astringent, Leaves - Chronic fever, Snake bite,  Leprosy, Tonic, Whole plant-Tranquilizer, Anxiety, Neurosis, Brain tonic insanity, epilepsy,  insomnia, Wood- Diabetes, Antihelmintic, Antileportic, Astringent, Flower- Applied over swelling, Expectorant. 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