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Throughout his discussions of mental processes and behavior, William James emphasized the role of ____. Choose from 500 different sets of flashcards about psychology 101 chapter 6 on Quizlet. the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This conclusion illustrates that science relies primarily on ____. Lesson 4 homework practice scientific notation course 3 chapter 1 . Vocabulary. THIS PROCESS IS KNOWN AS, IN A LABORATORY OBSERVATION INVOLVING INFANTS, WHAT COULD THE OBSERVER CONTROL, NUMBER OF INFANTS USED AND THEIR AGES, AS WELL AS EVERYTHING ELSE THAT GOES ON IN THE LABORATORY, DESCRIPTIVE TECHNIQUE IN WHICH ONE INDIVIDUAL IS STUDIED IN GREAT DETAIL, IN A CASE STUDY, RESEARCHERS TRY TO LEARN, EVERYTHING THEY CAN ABOUT THE INIDIVIDUAL, TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF DETAIL IT PROVIDES (CAN ALSO BE THE ONLY WAY TO OBTIN CERTIN TYPES OF INFORMATION), WHEN PSYCHOLOGISTS NEED TO KNOW PERSONAL AND PRIVATE THINGS ABOUT A SUBJECT, THEY WILL ENGAGE PARTICIPANTS IN A, ASK A SERIES OF QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TOPIC THEY ARE STUDYING, IN PERSON INTERVIEWS, TELEPHONE, INTERNET, QUESTIONNAIRE, RESEARCHERS CAN OBTAIN A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF DATA, RANDOMLY SELECTED MEMBERS OF A SUBJECT FROM A LARGER POPULATION OF THE SUBJECT, WHY MUST THE REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE BE RANDOM, BECAUSE SAMPLE HAS TO BE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE POPULATION, ENTIRE GROUP IN WHICH THE RESEARCHER IS INTERESTED IN, WHAT IS THE MAIN DISADVANTAGE OF THE SURVEY METHOD, PEOPLE AREN'T ALWAYS GOING TO GIVE RESEARCHERS ACCURATE ANWERS, SOME PEOPLE IN A SURVEY WILL DELIBERATELY GIVE AN ANSWER THEY THINK IS ______________ RATHER THAN THEIR ________, THE PROCESS OF PEOPLE GIVING ANSWERS THEY THINK ARE MORE SOCIALLY CORRECT RATHER THAN THEIR TRUE OPNION IN AN ATTEMPT TO NOT OFFEND ANYONE, MEASURE OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO OR MORE VARIABLES, NUMBER THAT REPRESENTS THE STRENGTH AND THE DIRECTION OR A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO THINGS, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO VARIABLES THAT EXPLAINS SOMETHING SUCH AS WHETHER LIFE EXPECTANCY GOES UP OR DOWN AS SMOKING INCREASES, IF THE CORRELATION COEFFICIENT IS POSITIVE, THE TWO VARIABLES WILL TRAVEL, IF THE CORRELATION COEFFICIENT IS NEGATIVE, THE TWO VARIABLES TRAVEL IN, THE STRENGTH OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE VARIABLES WILL BE DETERMINED BY, THE NUMBER IN THE CORRELATION COEFFICIENT WILL ALWAYS BE BETWEEN, PERFECT POSITIVE, MODEST POSITIVE, NO CORRELATION, PERFECT NEGATIVE, MODEST NEGATIVE, THE REASON THAT THE CORRELATION COEFFICIENT CANNOT BE GREATER THAN +1.00 OR LESS THAN -1.00 HAS TO DO WITH, THE FORMULA AND AN IMAGINARY LINE ON A GRAPH AROUND WHICH THE DATE POINTS GATHER, THE GRAPHY WHERE THE DATE POINTS GATHER IS CALLED A, IF THE RELATIOSHIP IS STRONGER, THE NUMBER ON THE GRAPH WILL BE CLOSER TO, THE BIGGEST ERROR THAT PEOPLE MAKE CONCERNING CORRELATION IS, TO ASSUME THAT IT MEANS ONE VARIABLE IS THE CAUSE OF THE OTHER, THE ONLY METHOD THAT WILL ALLOW RESEARCHERS TO DETERMINE THE CAUSE OF BEHAVIOR IS THE, IN AN EXPERIMENT, RESEARCHERS DELIBERATELY MANIPULATE THE _________________ WHILE HOLDING ALL THE OTHER_________________, VARIABLE THEY THINK IS CAUSING SOME BEHAVIOR;VARIABLES THATM IGHT INTERFERE WITH THE EXPERIMENT'S RESULTS CONSTANT AND UNCHANGING, SLECTING PARTICIPANTS THEY WANT TO USE IN THE EXPERIMENT, BEST MEHTOD TO SELECT PARTICIPANTS IN EXPERIMENT, RANDOM SELECTION OF A SAMPLE OF PEOPLE FROM A "POPULATION" DETERMINED BY THE RESEARCHERS, ANOTHER IMPORTANT STEP IS TO DECIDE ON THE __________________ AND THE ________________, VARIABLE THE RESEARCHERS WANT TO MANIPULATE; VARIABLE THEY WANT TO MEASURE TO SEE IF THERE ARE ANY CHANGES, DEFINITION THAT SPECIFICALLY NAMES THE OPERATIONS (STEPS OR PROCEDURES) THAT THE EXPERIMENT MUST USE TO CONTROL OR MEASURE THE VARIABLES IN THE EXPERIMENT, NAME OF VARIABLE THAT IS MANIPULATED IN ANY EXPERIMENT BECAUSE IT IS INDEPENDENT OF ANYTHING THE PARTICIPANTS DO, RESPONSE OF PARTICIPANTS TO MANIPULATION OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLE IS _________ RELATIONSHIP, RESPONSE OF THE PARTICIPANTS IS MEASURERED IS KNOWN AS THE, BEHAVIOR OF PARTICIPANTS SHOULD DEPEND OF WHETHER OR NOT THEY WERE, GROUP THAT IS EXPOSED TO INDEPENDENT VARIABLE IS CALLED THE, THE GROUP THAT GETS NO TREAMENT OR TREATMENT THAT SHOULD HAVE NO EFFECT IS THE, BEST WAY TO ENSURE CONTROL OVER OTHER INTERERING OR EXTRANEOUS VARIABLES, THERE ARE A FEW OTHER PROBLEMS THAT MIGHT ARISE IN ANY EXPERIMENT, EVEN WITH THE USE OF CONTROL GROUPS AND RANDOM ASSIGNMENT. The discipline that systematically examines basic concepts, including the source of knowledge. Which of the following is the best description of the field of psychology? Experimental psychologists are most likely to conduct research on ____. Psychology 101 Exam 1 Flashcards | Quizlet. psychology: chapter 1. study. Write. Write. PLAY. believed people are naturally good and are motivated to improve. ways in which culture affects individual behavior, A psychologist might know more about what's going on in your mind than you do because objective scientific methods are more accurate than the subjective technique of. Write. The question is This is allowed as long as participants are not harmed. Psychology - Chapter 1. Gravity. pull off you give a positive response that you require to get those all needs in imitation of having significantly cash? Children are born with innate mechanisms for learning language. PLAY. Flashcards. Which of the following psychologists was most likely to have conducted this study? Terms in this set (69) Which of the following people is likely NOT investigating or working with a topic in psychology, based on the description above? Chapter 1-3 Psychology 101 Exam 1 study guide by cbmccombs includes 122 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. scientific study of behavior and mental processes in all their many facets. This statement identifies one as a _______. Experience is the primary source of behavior, first African American to earn a PhD in psychology; focused on religion and racism through psychoanalysis, behaviorism; emphasis on external behaviors of people and their reactions on a given situation; believed in the blank-slate approach of empiricists, behaviorism; Law of Effect-relationship between behavior and consequence, believed all human behavior was based on conditioning; interested in the effects of reward and punishment on future behavior. The psychology family tree includes two major roots: ____. Getting crushed by your crush.Psychology 101 Exam 1 Flashcards | Quizlet. Applied Research. Quizlet Psychology Chapter 14|dejavusanscondensed font size 12 format When somebody should go to the ebook stores, search inauguration by shop, shelf by shelf, it is essentially problematic. The letter B and the number 13 might appear to be very similar; in fact, the only real difference between them is the space between the left and right sides of each figure. THIS IS CALLED, WHAT DOES IT MEAN THAT PARTICIPANTS MAY WITHDRAW FROM THE STUDY AT ANY TIME, THE PARTICIPANTS MUST BE ALLOWED TO DROP OUT FOR ANY REASON, WHAT DOES IT MEAN THAT PARTICIPANTS MUST BE PROTECTED FROM RISKS OR TOLD EXPLICITLY OF RISKS, IT IS THE RESEARCHER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO MAKE SURE THAT ANY EQUIPMENT OR MATERIALS BEING USED CANNOT HARM THE PARTICIPANTS AND THAT THE PARTICIPANTS MUST BE WARNED OF POTENTIAL RISKS, WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR DATE TO REMAIN CONFIDENTIAL, REPORTS CAN ONLY INCLUDE GROUP RESULTS RATHER THAN RESULTS FOR A SINGLE INDIVIDUAL, SO THAT NO ONE COULD POSSIBLY BE RECOGNIZED, WHAT DOES IT MEAN THAT IF FOR ANY REASON A STUDY RESULTS IN UNDERSIRABLE CONSEQUENCES FOR THE PARTICIPANT, THE RESEARCHER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR DETECTING AND REMOVINGM OR CORRECTING THESE CONSEQUENCES, IT MEANS THAT, DESPITE THE RESEARCHERS' BEST EFFORTS, IF HARM COMES TO A PARTICIPANT, IT IS THE RESEARCHERS' RESPONSIBILITY TO FIX WHAT CAUSED THE PARTICIPANT HARM, WHY IS USING ANIMALS BETTER FOR AN EXPERIMENT, YOU CAN SEE THE RESULTS QUICKER, YOU DO THINGS TO ANIMALS YOU REALLY COULDN'T DO TO HUMANS, AND THE LONG TERM AFFECTS DON'T MATTER, ANIMALS LIVE SHORTER LIVES, SO LOOKING AT ____________BECOME MUCH EASIER, WHAT CAN THE SCIENTIST CONTROL IN TERMS OF ANIMALS, DIET, LIVING ARRANGEMENTS, AND GENETIC RELATEDNESS, ANIMALS ALSO ENGAGE IN ________________________, MAKING IT EASIER TO SEE THE EFFECTS OF ___________, HOW MANY CRITERIA ARE THER IN CRITICAL THINKING, WHAT ARE THE 4 CRITERIA FOR CRITICAL THINKING, THERE ARE VERY FEW "TRUTHS" THAT DO NOT NEED TO BE SUBJECTED TO TESTING, IF THERE ARE TWO EXPLANATIONS FOR SOME PHENOMENON AND BOTH ACCOUNT FOR THE PHENOMENON EQUALLY WELL, THE SIMPLEST EXPLANATION IS MORE OFTEN THE BEST ONE. tentative explanation . Study Flashcards On Psychology Chapter 2 Test Flashcards at Cram.com. refers to the internal covert (hidden) activity of minds such as thinking, feeling, and remembering . test. The first true psychologist was ____. STUDY. still when? complete you receive that you require to get those every needs afterward having significantly cash? amaciver07. THESE PROBLEMS ARE ESPECIALLY LIKELY WHEN STUDYING PEOPLE IN STEAD OF ANIMALS, BECAUSE PEOPLE ARE OFTEN INFLUENCED BY, THEIR OWN THOUGHTS OR BIASES ABOUT WHAT'S GOING ON IN AN EXPERIMENT, PHENOMENON IN WHICH THE EXPECTATIONS OF THE PARTICIPANTS IN A STUDY CAN INFLUENCE THEIR BEHAVIOR, IN MEDICAL RESEARCH, THE CONTROL GROUP IS OFTEN GIVEN A, HARMLESS SUBSTITUTE FOR A REAL DRUG (SUGAR PILL; SALT WATER INJECTION), THE HARMLESS SUBSTITUTE WITH NO MEDICAL EFFECT GIVEN TO CONTROL GROUP, TENDENCY FOR THE EXPERIMENTER'S EXPECTATIONS FOR A STUDY TO UNINTENTIONALLY INFLUENCE THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY, HOW CAN OBSERVER BIAS HAPPEN IN AN EXPERIMENT, THE OBSERVER COULD GIVES CLUES ON HOW TO RESPOND TO THE PARTICIPANTS, STUDY WHERE THE PARTICIPANTS ARE BLIND TO THE TREATMENT THEY RECEIVE, STUDY WHERE NEITHER THE PARTICIPANTS NOR THE OBSERVER(S) THE DEPENDENT VARIBALE KNOW WHO GOT WHAT, ETHICAL TREATMENT OF PARTICIPANTS IN STUDIES HAS TO BE, ETHICAL TREAMENT MEANS THAT PEOPLE WHO VOLUNTEER FOR THE SUTDY WILL BE ABLE TO EXPECT THAT, NO PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL HARM SHOULD COME TO THEM, UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES USUALLY HAVE ______________ TO CONSIDER STUDIES, GROUP OF PSYCHOLOGISTS OR OTHER PROFESSIONALS WHO LLOK OVER EACH PROPOSED STUDY AND JUDGE IT ACCORDING TO ITS SAFETY AND CONSIDERATION FOR THE RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS, GUIDELINES FOR DOING RESEARCH WITH PEOPLE, RIGHTS AND WELL-BEING OF PARTICIPANTS MUST BE WIEGHED AGAINST THE STUDY'S VALUE TO SCIENCE, WHAT DOES RIGHTS AND WELL BEING OF PARTICIPANTS MUST BE WEIGHED AGAINST THE STUDY'S VALUE TO SCIENCE MEAN, WHAT DOES IT MEAN THAT PARTICIPANTS MUST BE ALLOWED TO MAKE AN INFORMED DECISION ABOUT PARTICIPATION, RESEARCHERS HAVE TO EXPLAIN THE STUDY TO THE PEOPLE THEY WANT TO INCLUDE BEFORE ANY PART OF THE EXPERIMENT TAKES PLACE AND IT HAS TO BE IN TERMS THE PARTICIPANTS CAN UNDERSTAND, BECAUSE, IN SOME CASES, IT IS NECESSARY TO DECEIVE THE PARTICIPANTS BECAUSE THE STUDY WOULDN'T WORK ANY OTHER WAY, THE PARTICIPANTS HAVE TO BE TOLD AFTER THE STUDY EXACTLY WHY THE DECEPTION WAS IMPORTANT. Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology. Created by. Intro to Psychology Chapter 2. Researchers found that "the widespread and highly publicized stereotype about female talkativeness is unfounded." Scientists who study behavior and mental processes. On the other hand, Unnamed Author insists, the chapter order should not constrain you – choose a different order if you wish. level of education is an aspect of ethnicity. Choose from 500 different sets of cognitive psychology chapter 1 flashcards on Quizlet. It will completely ease you to see guide quizlet psychology chapter 14 as you such as. what is the study of all aspects of human growth and change- physical, mental, social, and emotional from prenatal period through old age . Acknowledging that an experience is different from the sum of its elements is reflective of ____. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Among these scenarios, which dream is the most common to occur? "Eikasia is Ignorance, human cruelty, barbarism, exceedingly profound sleep, a brutal and instinctive world, an "Dianoia is the intellectual revision of beliefs, analysis, conceptual synthesis, cultural-intellectual consciousness, scientific thought etc. Flashcards. INCLUDES ALL OUTWARD ACTIONS SUCH AS TELLING, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, AND MOVEMENT, REFERS TO THE INTERNAL COVERT (HIDDEN) ACTIVITY OF MINDS SUCH AS THINKING, FEELING, AND REMEMBERING, DESCRIPTION, EXPLANATION, PREDICTION, CONTROL, PROCESS OF OBJECTIVELY EXAMINING AND MEASURING ONE'S OWN THOUGHTS AND MENTAL ACTIVITES, HOW WOULD WUNDT PERFORM OBJECTIVE INTROSPECTION, HE WOULD GIVE SOMEONE A ROCK AND ASKED HOW SAID ROCK MADE THEM FEEL, ENGLISHMAN AND STUDENT OF WUNDT WHO EXPANDED WUNDT'S IDEA INTO STRUCTURALISM, FOCUS ON THE SUTDY OF STRUCTURE OF MIND AND SAID PERCEIVING AND SENSING COULD BE BROKEN DOWN INTO SMALLER ELEMENTS. B) A scientist studying the swimming behavior of mice. STUDY. Study Flashcards On Psychology. PLAY. Beginning in the 17th and 18th centuries, with new technologies including the light microscope, scientists began to make a series of important new discoveries showing that ____. Match. emphasized physical causes of abnormal behavior and medication, abnormal behavior resulted from life experiences which can be treated through cognitive and behavioral methods, Ideas about the unconscious mind, the role of experience in abnormal behavior, and new approaches to therapy laid a foundation for later study in personality and therapy, He is widely known for his detailed examination, based on the conditioned reflex, of a type of learning known as Pavlovian or classical conditioning. lurxce. Gravity. Terms in this set (47) psychology. Spell. The psychological perspective that investigates how physical structure and behavior have been shaped by their contributions to survival and reproduction is called ____ psychology. learn. Most philosophers beginning with Aristotle commonly believed that all knowledge is ____. cognitive psychology; private mental processing can be studied scientifically. Carl Rogers, a leading humanist, developed the approach of ____. Match. The psychologist asks the subject to report whether his hand feels colder or warmer than before being placed in the water. An approach that features the study and careful measurement of observable behaviors, The psychological perspective that focuses on the relationships between mind and behavior, as well as their underlying biological processes, including genetics, biochemistry, anatomy, and physiology; also known as behavioral neuroscience, A psychological perspective that seeks to explain, define, and treat abnormal behaviors, A psychological perspective that investigates information processing, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving, Variations in the practices, values, and goals shared by groups of people. She is most likely what type of psychologist? Psychology Chapter 11 Flashcards | Quizlet. Created by. the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation. Which of the following refers to the very private and internal mental processes that the behaviorists avoided studying information processing, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving? A) A therapist working with her client. THIS CAN BE ACHIEVED USING THE___________, A SYSTEM FOR REDUCING BIAS AND ERROR IN THE MEASUREMENT OF DATA, WHAT ARE THE FIVE STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD, PERCEIVING THE QUESTION, FORMING A HYPOTHESIS, TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS, DRAWING A CONCLUSION, REPORTING THE RESULTS, THE STEP IN THE SCIENTIFIC PROCESS DERIVED FROM THE GOAL OF DESCRIPTION, THE NEXT LOGICAL STEP AFTER PERCEIVING A QUESTION IS TO FORM A TENTATIVE _________________FOR THE BEHAVIOR YOU HAVE SEEN, THE TENTATIVE EXPLANATION FOR YOUR QUESTION, BASED OF YOUR INITIAL OBSERVATIONS OF WHAT'S GOING ON IN YOUR SURROUNDINGS, YOU FORM AN _____________ FOR YOU OBSERVATIONS, PUTTING IT INTO THE FORM OF A____________________, EDUCATED GUESS; STATEMENT THAT CAN BE TESTED IN SOME WAY, FORMING A HYPOTHESIS BASED ON OBSERVATIONS IS RELATED TO THE GOALS OF, AFTER FORMING A HPYOTHESIS, THE NEXT STEP WOULD BE TO, A KIND OF SELECTIVE PERSPECTIVE IN WHICH PEOPLE HAVE A TENDENCY TO NOTICE ONLY THINGS THAT AGREE WITH THEIR VIEW OF THE WORLD, THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IS DESIGNED TO OVERCOME THE TENDENCY TO LOOK AT ONLY THE INFORMATION THAT CONFIRMS THE PEOPLE'S BIASES BY FORCING THEM TO ACTIVELY SEEK OUT, INFORMATION THE CONTRADICTS THEIR BIASES (OR HYPOTHESES), THE METHOD USED TO TEST THE HYPOTHESIS DEPENDS ON, WHAT KIND OF ANSWER YOU THINK YOU WILL GET, WHAT WOULD BE THE BEST METHOD FOR TESING A HYPOTHESIS INVOLVING THE CARTOONS, AN EXPERIMENT IN WHICH YOU SELECT A GROUP OF CHILDREN, SHOW HALF OF THEM A CARTOON WITH VIOLENCE AND HALF OF THEM A CARTOON WITHOUT VIOLENCE, AND THEN FIND SOME WAY OF MEASURING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN THE TWO GROUPS, TESTING THE HYPOTHESOS OS ALL ABOUT GETTING AN, ONCE YOU KNOW THE RESULTS OF YOUR HYPOTHESIS TESTING, YOU WILL FIND THAT EITHER, HYPOTHESIS WORKED (AND THAT YOUR INITIAL FINDINGS AND OBSERVATIONS WERE SUPPORTED) OR THAT THE OBSERVATIONS AND FINDINGS WEREN'T SUPPORTED, IF YOUR HYPOTHESIS WASN'T SUPPORTED, WHAT MUST YOU DO, GO BACK TO SQUARE ONE AND THINK OF ANOTHER POSSIBLE EXPLANATION FOR WHAT YOU HAVE OBSERVED, WHEN YOU HAVE COME TO A CONCLUSION ABOUT THE INVESTIGATIONS'S SUCCESS OR FAILURE, YOU MUST, DOING EXACTLY THE SAME STUDY OVER AGAIN AND GETTING THE SAME RESULTS, HAVING SOMEONE REPLICATE THE EXPERIMENT GIVES_________TO YOUR FINDINGS, HAVING YOUR RESULTS VERIFIED ALLOWS OTHER TO __________BASED ON YOUR FINDINGS AND TO USE THE RESULTS OF THOSE FINDINGS TO MODIFY OR ___________, ONE DOES NOT NEED PROOF TO ______, BUT SCIENTISTS NEED PROOF TO _____, IN PSYCHOLOGY, RESEARCHERS TRY TO FIND ANSWER TO, THE BEST WAY TO LOOK AT THE BEHAVIOR OF ANIMALS OR PEOPLE IS TO WATCH THEM BEHAVE IN THEIR NORMAL ENVIRONMENT, A PROCESS KNOWN AS, IN MNY CASES, ANIMALS OR PEOPLE WHO KNOW THEY ARE BEING WATHCED WILL NOT BEHAVE NORMALLY, A PROCESS KNOWN AS, THE PROCESS IN WHICH THE OBSERVER DIRECTLY VIEWS THE ACTIONS OF THE PARTICIPANTS, ONE OF THE DISADVANTAGES OF NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION IS THE POSSIBILITY OF _______, A PROCESS THAT HAPPENS WHEN THE PERSON DOING THE OBSERVING HAS A PARTICULAR OPINION ABOUT WHAT HE OR SHE EXPECTS TO SEE, ONE WAY TO AVOID OBSERVER BIAS IS TO USE __________, PEOPLE WHO DO NOT KNOW WHAT THE RESEARCH QUESTION IS AND, THEREFORE, HAVE NO PRECONCEIVED NOTIONS ABOUT WHAT THEY SHOULD SEE, IN SOME CASES, VIEWING IN A NATURAL SETTING ISN'T PRACTICAL. 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