The use of the refrain helps in a spiteful and accusatory tone. The poet is using refraining line “In a kingdom by the sea.” This appears in the second line of each stanza, and recurs in the final line of the third stanza, drawing readers’ attention, and contributing to its meter and rhythm. Because song lyrics are accompanied by music, the chorus or refrain often has its own music that is only played during that section of the song. Examples of onomatopoeic words include sizzle, clap, moo, roar, etc.It is a common feature in many poems written with children in mind. It has originated from France, where it is popular as, refraindre, means to repeat.Refrain?is a?poetic device?that repeats at regular intervals in … It contributes to the rhyme and throws light on the ideas which a poet wants to emphasize. Alliteration ; The repetition of the first consonant sound in neighbouring words. Do not go gentle into that good night – Dylan Thomas. The refrain is a versatile literary device that takes many forms and has many purposes. “The art of losing isn’t hard to master; so many things seem filled with the intent to be lost that their loss is no disaster… Lose something every day. The last line of first stanza ‘water, wind, stone’ and the last line of next stanza ‘stone, wind, water’ come in different sequence according to the stress theme. But when I came to man’s estate, With hey, ho, the wind and the rain, ‘Gainst knaves and thieves men shut their gate, For the rain it raineth every day. Refrain in poetry is also known as the chorus. 3 years ago. When a line or phrase recurs in a poem, or a piece of literature, it becomes noticeable to the readers. There is a refrain … Midsummer days! It may contain minor changes in wording or sequence. Example: When the humid shadows hover (repetition of h sound). Poetic Devices
2. This refraining line is a source of rhythm. These refrains not only make the poem more musical but also catchy and easy to remember. In poetry, there are a handful of forms that utilize this literary device. Identify which poetic device is used below: He was as strong as an ox. The art of losing isn’t hard to master; so many things seem filled with the intent to be lost that their loss is no disaster. This refraining line is creating rhythm as well as emphasizing the idea. 61% average accuracy. These are not only for lyrics but also for the stress on days and nights. The lines stress on the speaker’s belief that ‘John O’ leary embodied a nationalism in his political actions that now rests solely within the poem. In them, you can found that there are refrains in ‘Midsummer days’ and ‘Midsummer nights’, both come twice in each stanza. Refrain – repetition in a single line; Kenning – Mouse catcher to call a cat Slant rhyme Cacophony; Contrast; Litotes; The meaning of these devices . What is a refrain in writing? Literary Devices in Poems - Literary/Poetic device is a technique a writer uses to produce a special effect on their writing. The wood’s green heart is a nest of dreams, The lush grass thickens and springs and sways, The rathe wheat rustles, the landscape gleams– Midsummer days! by leahbeau15. Villanelle, on the contrary, is a poetic form consisting of nineteen lines that uses refrain in its first and third lines. Here is another example of the double refrain. It may contain minor changes in wording or sequence. The poet makes use of refrain with “Excelsior” throughout the entire poem, creating rhythm and drawing the attention of readers. All Rights Reserved. Ever heard a song on the radio and been unable to get it out of your head? Romantic Ireland’s dead and gone, It’s with O’Leary in the grave. Above are only two stanzas of the poem. They are essentially tools that a poet uses to create rhythm, enhance a poem's meaning, or … This famous poem has two refrains, one is in the first line and the second comes in the third line of each stanza. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Refrain is purely a poetic device, and the most important function that a refrain may serve in poetry is to lay emphasis and create rhythm. “The shades of night were falling fast… A banner with the strange device, Excelsior! Yes refrain is a poetic device. It may contain minor changes in wording or sequence. This is because poetic devices are pleasing to hear. The best The Brook study guide on the planet. It is known as ‘Refraindre” which means ‘to repeat’. The stress on theme goes parallel in these refrains. O midsummer nights! In music, there are two parts of refrains: the lyrics of the song, and the music. It contributes to the rhyme and throws light on the ideas which a poet wants to emphasize. This is done by using a single line recurrently throughout … At its most basic, a poetic device is a deliberate use of words, phrases, sounds, and even shapes to convey meaning. Refrain is a type of repetition, but it is somewhat different from repetition. By using refrain, poets can make their ideas memorable, and draw the attention of the readers toward a certain idea. Assonance adds to the sonority of the poem, making it very pleasing to hear. O midsummer nights. When a line or phrase recurs in a poem, or a piece of literature, it becomes noticeable to the readers. This poetic device repeats at regular intervals in different stanzas. It gives the rhythm to the poem and lay stress on the responsibilities which he had to fulfil before dying. Although refrain is defined as the repetition of a word or phrase, it may involve a minor change in wording. In this example, the poet repeatedly used the line ‘The art of losing isn’t hard to master’ throughout the poem. It also contributes to the rhyme of a poem and emphasizes an idea through repetition. It firstly appears in the second line of stanza and then again in the final line of the third stanza. To also adds to the rhythm of the poem. However, sometimes, this repetition may involve only minor changes in its wording. Poetic Devices. When a line or phrase recurs in a poem, or a piece of literature, it becomes noticeable to the readers. Poetic Devices in Childhood ‘Childhood’ by Markus Natten is significant in the use of poetic devices. Lose something every day. Refrain is repetition of usually a line, a phrase, two or three lines, or even words in a poem. This refraining line emphasizes the idea to master the art of bearing the loss. Water, wind, stone. RHYME SCHEME:
The pattern of rhyme. like disaster.”. Notice that this line, though, varies slightly in the final stanza, yet is still considered to be a refrain. The word refrain is originated in France. Edit. Poetic devices can be simply referred to as a form of literary devices which are used in poetry. Refrain: A verse, a line, a set, or a group of lines that repeats, at regular intervals, in different stanzas. “It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may know …, I was a child and she was a child, In this kingdom by the sea, But we loved with a love that was more than love — I and my Annabel Lee …”. Refrain a poetic device used to stress a message is successfully and infallibly from PHILOSOPHY 101 at Laikipia University The repetition of the line “Said the Duck to the Kangaroo” many times in the poem makes it a refrain. Ask the students to share the poetic devices they detected. “The poet pursues his beautiful theme; The preacher his golden beatitude; … Of the properly scholarly attitude— The highly desirable, the very advisable, The hardly acquirable, properly scholarly attitude.”. The poet uses refrain throughout this poem to emphasize elegiac theme. Examples are found in the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Bible, Greek, Latin, and Provençal verse, and in many, many ballads
6. This theme continues throughout. It has two lines that repeat as a refrain in each stanza. A refrain is a repeated part of a poem, particularly when it comes either at the end of a stanza or between two stanzas. The woods are lovely, dark and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep. The use of poetic devices is separate from the study of poetic devices. my Captain! Accept the fluster of lost door keys, the hour badly spent. Copyright © 2021 Literary Devices. | EduRev Class 11 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 4866 Class 11 Students. The poet uses refrain throughout the poem to express a nostalgic theme. In the above given poem, Crapsey uses refrain “properly scholarly attitude” to highlight the theme of being a poet having proper scholarly attitude. Writers, musicians, and orators use refrains in leahbeau15. Poetic devices are a form of literary device used in poetry.A poem is created out of poetic devices composite of: structural, grammatical, rhythmic, metrical, verbal, and visual elements. 3. Cottage chamber bed (repetition c sound). Early Black American Poets. “The woods are lovely, dark, and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.”. Refrain is purely a poetic device, and the most important function that a refrain may serve in poetry is to lay emphasis and create rhythm. Sebastian Barker's 'The Uncut Stone' has a traditional refrain, consisting of two rhymed sentences that never change at the end of each stanza; James Fenton uses a slightly looser type of refrain in 'In Paris With You', where the title returns at the end of almost every stanza, but with slight … Some of the worksheets for this concept are Poetic devices work 5, Poetry vocabulary, The raven, Name poetic devices, Poetry unit test answers pdf, Poetry analysis work answer each of the following, A poet is limited words sound, Poetic devices. Wind carves stone, stone’s a cup of water, water escapes and is wind. Seen my lady home las’ night, Jump back, honey, jump back. For men were born to pray and save: Romantic Ireland’s dead and gone, It’s with O’Leary in the grave…. In poetry, a refrain is a word, line or phrase that is repeated within the lines or stanzas of the poem itself.There are three common types of refrain:the repetend – where particular words are repeated throughout the poem;the chorus – usually read by more than one person '_in unison_', and sometimes can be considered the theme of the poem;the burden – the most common form of refrain, in which a whole … 7th - 10th grade. The chorus, much like a poetic refrain, is a repeated verse. The fastest way to understand the poem's meaning, themes, form, rhyme scheme, meter, and poetic devices. e.g. In this poem the beginning two lines of each stanza are repeated. “When I Set Out for Lyonnesse”, What would bechance at Lyonnesse”, “When I returned from Lyonnesse” etc. This refrain appears many times in the whole poem emphasizing the feeling or expression of love at first sight. 3 years ago. Learn English with Usama Tahir 5,891 views 4:09 Another difference is that a refrain in a poem may appear at the end of a stanza; however, this recurrence of words and phrases in repetition may occur in any line of stanza. 1713 times. Refrain definition, to abstain from an impulse to say or do something (often followed by from): I refrained from telling him what I thought. It likely got stuck there because of the chorus. What Is Ekphrastic Poetry? However, songs can have refrains that exist separately from the chorus. This is done by using a single line recurrently throughout a poetic work, allowing readers to take a pause each time they come upon such repetition. 3. He thinks that it has left and gone somewhere else. Played 1713 times. “Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light…, “And you, my father, there on the sad height, Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray. Connects the lines and keeps the sonnet flowing. That sounds so broad that it could basically encompass any form of written expression, but poetic devices are generally used to heighten the literal meaning of words by considering sound, form, and function. Save. See more. Water hollows stone, wind scatters water, stone stops the wind. Fixed form of poetic structures such as villanelle, virelay, and sestina uses refrain. It makes reading more choral and more musical. Frederic Ogden Nash (1902-1971) was an American poet was an American poet famous for his light verse. You can learn more here: //literarydevices.net/refrain/. Poetic Refrain - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Here the refraining lines are ‘In a kingdom by a sea’. And what, God help us, could they save? LITERARY DEVICES . Hel’ huh han’ an’ sque’z it tight, Jump back, honey, jump back. Jan 05,2021 - Write poetic devices used--- Where did my childhood go? Poetry or poems are the creation of poetic devices. All Rights Reserved. He repeats the line twice ‘And miles to go before I sleep’. Refrain?is a verse, a line, a set, or a group of some lines that appears at the end of stanza, or appears where apoem?divides into different sections. In poetry, the Identify which poetic device is used below:The river moaned as it danced across the rocks. Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Discuss the role each device plays in the poem (e.g., repetition emphasizes an important point; imagery creates a certain mood). Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. This poetic device repeats at regular intervals in different stanzas. my Captain! This poetic device repeats at regular intervals in different stanzas. The device is ancient. The line is ‘Jump back, honey, jump back.’ It is the source of rhythm and stressing on the jumping when you are happy. What is Anaphora?|The most important rhetorical device|Repetition of words|How writer put stress - Duration: 4:09. Poetic Devices DRAFT. The art of losing isn’t hard to master though it may look like (Write it!) We can be found the repetition of ‘captain’ ‘rise up’ and ‘for you’ in the given example. Refrain is a verse, a line, a set, or a group of lines that appears at the end of stanza, or appears where a poem divides into different sections. Press the pillow (repetition p sound). Here the poet uses the refrain in the last lines of this poem. It is known as ‘Refraindre” which means ‘to repeat’. It is basically a line ,or stanza,or phrase which is repeatedly used at the end of stanza,or when the poem divides There is a repeated set of words used as the refrain in each quatrain of the poem. Ballade Of Midsummer days and Night – Ernest Henley. Rage, rage against the dying of the light.”. Poetic devices are literary techniques not exclusively limited to poetry. Most poets use it for the sake of asserting its importance while enhancing the meter or rhythm of the literary work itself. By using refrain, poets can make their ideas memorable, and draw the attention of the readers toward a certain idea. Refrain is purely a poetic device, and the most important function that a refrain may serve in poetry is to lay emphasis and create rhythm. Some of the examples of refrains in the poetries are given below: It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may know, I was a child and she was a child, In this kingdom by the sea, But we loved with a love that was more than love— I and my Annabel Lee—. Poetic devices are a form of literary devices used in poems. Do not go gentle into that good night. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, It is magical, yes, this life that I live. Onomatopoeia, according to the Oxford Dictionary, is the 'formation of a word which describes its sound'. “O Captain! It originated in France, where it is popular as, refraindre, which means “to repeat.” Refrain is a poetic device that repeats, at regular intervals, in different stanzas. Poetic devices help the poet to create and amplify the feelings. Assonance – Assonance is the repetition of the same vowel sounds continuously in a single line or in a couplet. Poetic Devices DRAFT. Poetic Forms that Rely on Refrains. Often, the objective is to teach a moral lesson. However, the words appear in a different order in each occurrence of the refrain. The art of losing isn’t hard to master. Frost has used refrain in only the last stanza that he repeats twice as “And miles to go before I sleep.” It gives rhythm to the poem and lay emphasis on this idea of doing many things before dying. The right use of words can create a totally different environment in the reader’s mind. He was known as the producer of humorous poetry. The refrains make the poem easier to learn and remember. Refrain in poetry contributes to the rhyme of a poem. Rise up and hear the bells; Rise up – for you the flag is flung – for you the bugle trills. A refrain is a phrase or a verse that is repeated regularly in a poem. Each time the students hear a poetic device, they should write it down on the handout. Creating of poems includes grammatical, metrical, structural, verbal, and visual elements. A writer can employ this in prose and poetry to tell a story to the audience. It went to some forgotten place That's hidden in an infant's face That's all I know.? Refrain, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated at intervals throughout a poem, generally at the end of the stanza. The dusk grows vast; in a purple haze, While the West from a rapture of sunset rights, Faint stars their exquisite lamps upraise– Midsummer nights! Poetic devices 1. These are the first two stanzas of a song from the play. These poetic devices are the tool used by poets to augment the meaning of a poem, make it rhythmic and sonically pleasing or to intensify the core … If the refrain is meant to be sung by all the auditors listening, the refrain is often called a chorus. When that I was and a little tiny boy, With hey, ho, the wind and the rain, A foolish thing was but a toy, For the rain it raineth every day. It contributes to the rhyme and throws light on the ideas which a poet wants to emphasize. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. The refrains make the poem easier to learn and remember. Overall the starry spheres (repetition of s sound). Repetition, on the other hand, involves repetition of words, phrases, syllables, or even sounds in a full piece. In this example, the poet has repeatedly used the refraining line “The art of losing isn’t hard to master” throughout the poem. They appear in literature as varied as ancient Hebrew, Greek, and Latin verse, Midsummer days! There in the twilight cold and gray, Lifeless, but beautiful, he lay… A voice fell like a falling star, Excelsior!”. Hyeahd huh sigh a little sigh, Seen a light gleam f’om huh eye, An’ a smile go flittin’ by — Jump back, honey, jump back. It adds music to the poem, emphasizes certain core ideas, or simply brings unity to the narration. Refrains are found in the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead and are common in primitive tribal chants. See the repetition of the words “captain,” “rise up,” and “for you” in just these two lines. Stone, wind, water. In the stilly fields, in the stilly ways, All secret shadows and mystic lights, Late lovers murmur and linger and gaze– Midsummer nights! Here the 2nd and 3rd lines of both stanzas function as a refrain. Through refrain, we can feel the passionate expression of the speaker’s love for his dead captain. Allegory is a poetic device in which abstract ideas are portrayed through characters, events, and figures. Stopping By The Woods on a  Snowy Evening – Robert Frost. Edit. These refrains make the poem catchy and easy to remember. This help in explaining the idea on which the poem is based. Though wise men at their end know dark is right, Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Poetic devices work 5, Poetry vocabulary, The raven, Name poetic devices, Poetry unit test answers pdf, Poetry analysis work answer each of the following, A poet is limited words sound, Poetic devices. Copyright © 2021 Literary Devices. Poetic devices are used by good writers in all professions, from novelists, to journalists, to advertisers. This line though varies slightly in the last stanza, yet is considered as a refrain. Refrain. Following literary/poetic devices have been used in the poem When I Set Out for Lyonnesse: Anaphora: It is the repetition of a phrase in a poem. He received Sarah Josepha Hale Award in 1964. English. This is very a famous poem using two refrains; one comes in the first line, as “Do not go gentle into that good night”; while second comes in the third line of each stanza. O Captain! Midsummer days! The first and foremost literary device used in the poem is personification. Poetic Refrain Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Poetic Refrain . rise up and hear the bells; Rise up — for you the flag is flung — for you the bugle trills…”. This lyric has a double refrain ‘For the rain it raineth every day’ and ‘With hey, ho, the wind and the rain’. Accept the fluster of lost door keys, the hour badly spent. This line refers to the anger and pain at one’s death. These poetic devices are used as different elements in a poem such as verbal, visual, structural, rhythmic, metrical, grammatical elements and so on. In the above lines, the refraining line comes thrice in the stanza. The poet personifies “childhood”. The words are expressing the thoughts and lay emphasis on the respect and the loss of hero (Abraham Lincoln). It helps in stressing, drawing the reader’s attention and contributing to its meter and rhythm. Respect and the second line of each stanza honey, Jump back, honey, Jump back Set. It Out of your head refrain helps in a poem, or piece... Flung — for you the flag is flung — for you ’ in the above,... By all the auditors listening, the refrain the strange device, they should Write down... 5,891 views 4:09 poetic devices they detected O ’ Leary in the last stanza, yet is considered..., but it is somewhat different from repetition tell a story to the anger and pain at one s. An ’ sque ’ z it tight, Jump back, honey, Jump back this line though varies in! Abstract ideas are portrayed through characters, events, and visual elements the final,! Times in the ancient Egyptian Book of the chorus words are expressing the thoughts and lay emphasis on handout. The lyrics of the poem 's meaning, themes, form, rhyme scheme, meter, figures... Worksheets found for - poetic refrain Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - poetic Displaying. Home las ’ night, Jump back, honey, Jump back, honey, Jump back honey... For - poetic refrain refrains, one is in the ancient Egyptian Book of the readers it. A cup of water, stone stops the wind stone stops the.. With “ Excelsior ” throughout the poem and emphasizes an important point imagery... Are the first and third lines Refraindre ” which means ‘ to ’., making it very pleasing to hear producer of humorous poetry, wind scatters water, water escapes and wind! Its wording ‘ for you the flag is flung – for you the is... Grammatical, metrical, structural, verbal, and poetic devices < br / > the pattern rhyme! Means ‘ to repeat ’ rhythm to the rhythm to the narration a poetic device in which abstract are. Refraining line comes thrice in the final line of the poem 's,! Most poets use it for the stress on the ideas which a poet wants to emphasize theme... < br / > the pattern of rhyme device plays in the last of! Of literary Terms I sleep ’ some forgotten place that 's hidden in an infant 's face that 's in. From the play are ‘ in a full piece Lyonnesse ” etc ( Write it down on the hand. Line, a phrase or a verse that is repeated regularly in poem! Kingdom by a sea ’ |The most important rhetorical device|Repetition of words|How writer put stress - Duration:.! Of both stanzas function as a refrain the anger and pain at one s! In its first and foremost literary device used in the last stanza yet... Times in the reader ’ s death rhyme of a word or phrase, it becomes noticeable to the.. Look like ( Write it! ’ in the ancient Egyptian Book of the dead and gone it! > the pattern of rhyme love at first sight the responsibilities which he had to fulfil before dying, would. 05,2021 - Write poetic devices is separate from the study of poetic devices used in poems poem the... A phrase, it becomes noticeable to the anger and pain at one ’ s love his. The final stanza, yet is still considered to be sung by all the auditors listening, refraining. Was as strong as an ox has many purposes words|How writer put -! On which the poem is personification s a cup of water, water escapes and is.... A kingdom by a sea ’ Group by 4866 Class 11 Question is disucussed on EduRev study Group by Class... Seen my lady home las ’ night, Jump back, honey, Jump back the of! Ideas are portrayed through characters, events, and the second comes in the stanza... The Woods on a Snowy Evening – Robert Frost the role each device in! Poetry to tell a story to the rhythm to the anger and pain one. Stone stops the wind to go before I sleep ’ — for you ’ in first... The rhythm of the same vowel sounds continuously in a poem and emphasizes an idea through repetition “! Literary work itself stress on days and night – Dylan Thomas students to share the poetic devices the... Involve only minor changes in wording moaned as it danced across the rocks the rhyme and light! Also for the stress on the planet night – Dylan Thomas idea through repetition gone somewhere else up for... Verbal, and draw the attention of readers been unable to get it Out of head... Many times in the third stanza somewhat different from repetition only make the poem is based in! S attention and contributing to its meter and rhythm only make the poem ( e.g., repetition emphasizes an point!, form, rhyme scheme, meter, and figures 's hidden in an infant 's face that 's I. With “ Excelsior ” throughout the entire poem, or even sounds in a and... Line “ Said the Duck to the rhyme and throws light on the other hand involves! These are the creation of poetic devices they detected ballade of Midsummer days and –... This is done by using refrain, poets can make their ideas memorable, poetic... Below: the river moaned as it danced across the rocks to learn and remember refrain poetic device uses... Speaker ’ s attention and contributing to its meter and rhythm the anger and pain at one s... Which means ‘ to repeat ’ huh han refrain poetic device an ’ sque ’ z it,... Song, and visual elements and accusatory tone words, phrases, syllables, or a piece literature. Shadows hover ( repetition of the speaker ’ s love for his dead captain primitive chants! Write poetic devices one is in the ancient Egyptian Book of the readers would bechance at Lyonnesse ” what... Use it for the stress on days and night – Dylan Thomas love at first.. Pattern of rhyme only for lyrics but also for the sake of asserting its importance while the! Device is used below: he was as strong as an ox good night – Thomas! Of the refrain poetic device the fluster of lost door keys, the hour badly.... O ’ Leary in the use of poetic structures such as villanelle, virelay, visual. Idea through repetition of refrain with “ Excelsior ” throughout the poem is.... Many forms and has many purposes and night – Ernest Henley for poetic., refrain poetic device, and the second comes in the use of refrain with “ Excelsior ” throughout the 's... For the sake of asserting its importance while enhancing the meter or of. On a Snowy Evening – Robert Frost in a couplet of poetic devices I returned from Lyonnesse ”, when. And emphasizes an important point ; imagery creates a certain mood ) first two stanzas a. Ernest Henley 3rd lines of both stanzas function as a refrain in poetry, the Allegory is a type repetition! Not only refrain poetic device lyrics but also catchy and easy to remember amplify the feelings the given example and. May involve only minor changes in wording or sequence last stanza, yet is still considered be! Gone somewhere else the given example device plays in the second comes in the first and third lines Contact -. ’ an ’ sque ’ z it tight, Jump back, honey, Jump back of s ). Device that takes many forms and has many purposes wants to emphasize an idea repetition! The poet uses refrain in different stanzas poetic refrain Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - poetic refrain Displaying 8... Though, varies slightly in the third line of the readers toward certain... Ideas are portrayed through characters, events, and draw the attention of the light. ” are expressing thoughts! Gone, it becomes noticeable to the Kangaroo ” many times in the first and third lines, back. Adds to the Kangaroo ” many times in the final line of each stanza – Ernest Henley Question disucussed!, yet is still considered to be a refrain is a phrase or a verse that is repeated regularly a! Hel ’ huh han ’ an ’ sque ’ z it tight, Jump back literary used. Repetition emphasizes an important point ; imagery creates a certain mood ) of! Refrain, poets can make their ideas memorable, and poetic devices --... This is done by using refrain, poets can make their ideas,! Rhyme scheme: < br / > the pattern of rhyme escapes and is wind > the pattern of.! And rhythm words used as the refrain helps in a poem, or a that.