“The Most Risky … Job Ever.” Reporting on “ISIS in Afghanistan”, John's "Cover Letter" (1.4-20) and The First Vision, The Second Vision: In the Throne Room of Heaven (4.1-11.19), [Third Vision] Three Great Signs In Heaven: The Cosmic War (12.1-16.21), The Fourth Vision: The Judgment on Babylon [=Rome] (17.1-21.8), The Fifth Vision: The New Jerusalem (21.9-22.5). So, for the original audience of the Revelation of John, all these strange scenes would have been immediately intelligible. From 1909 to 1967 it sold more than 10 million copies; reprinted in 1967, it is said to have sold another 2.5 million copies by 1990. Jesus breaks seven seals that unleash three waves of devastation--natural and man-made, from the sky and from deep within the earth. The Book of Revelation—History and Prophecy. It was Titus who led the siege and destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE. Finally, there are two studies that argue that persecution itself was not at the center of the Christian experience underlying Revelation; however, they take different views of the precise role of the imperial cult. The most popular has been that of John Nelson Darby (1800-1882), which is known as Dispensationalism, a view made popular in England and America in the early XXth century through the publication of Cyrus Scofield (1843-1921). This mode of interpretation is also directly connected to the rise of pre-millenialism, the view that the 1,000 year reign of Christ will be a literal event that will occur only after Christ returns. Steven Friesen, however, has produced the most thoroughgoing study of the extensive archaeological evidence for the existence and the operation of the imperial cult in Asia Minor. John Court, Myth and History in the Book of Revelation. What the modern reader or biblical scholar has to do is to try to read the text with "ancient eyes," by being informed about the way the literature worked and the situation out of which it came. With Alireza Shojaei, Claire Armstrong, David Dantes, Darryl Dougherty. That's what gives the book its sense of urgency and feel that something important is just about to happen. This is the opening of Vision III, the three Signs (or Portents) in Heaven, which are the centerpiece, both literarily and ideologically, of the entire work. The Scofield Bible continued to be popular among certain Protestant Christian groups. This particular documentary goes through each of the seven seals of the Apocalypse (aka Book of Revelation) and tries to decipher what they might really mean by applying them to today's frequent natural disasters and advanced technology. On each page it printed the King James translation of 1611 alongside of Scofield's own copious "notes" on how to read each passage of the Bible in conjunction with other "prophecies." Nonetheless, there is no clear indication that he consciously tried to persecute Christians for their faith. Add to my study list. They are not used to this kind of literature. The Book of Revelation was written sometime around 96 CE in Asia Minor. It was also used by Cotton Mather and others in colonial America and England; they regularly looked for current events that might be fulfillment of Revelation within this scheme, inevitably looking for elements that pointed toward the nearness of the end of time. The author viewed the religious and political force of Roman rule as a threat. Doomsday: Book of Revelation: National Geographic explores the Book of Revelation to see if there is more to it than prophecy. Find exactly what you're looking for! And it is this element that yields the underlying apocalyptic tension for the author, for these are the very emperors who had destroyed Jerusalem, the city of God, only two decades earlier. So the time-line of the story moves in a kind of cyclical fashion so that we keep coming back to the "present situation" as it stood for the ancient readers of Revelation. It also drew on the strong tradition of literalist interpretation of Revelation as predicting contemporary events that had become popular in these areas through the "continuous history" view. This type of imperial cult activity was something new in Ephesus during the days of Domitian. Mar 16, 2017 - Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Of these three works, Yarbro Collins is perhaps more in keeping with the way most modern Christians would appropriate the "faith struggle" of Revelation; however, among New Testament scholars Schüssler Fiorenza's has had the greater influence. But it was precisely this intersection that created the problem for the author, as it called for Christians to treat the Roman administration as agent of the devil. Whereas there had been imperial cult activity for over a century in cities such as Pergamon, Ephesus had received its first imperial cult temple, and concomitant imperial awards and lofty titles, under Domitian in the year 89 CE. IMDb's advanced search allows you to run extremely powerful queries over all people and titles in the database. So let's look briefly at the layout of Revelation. From this perspective, it was hard to compute how the 1,000 years, if taken literally, could refer to the past history of the church, since that would place the inauguration of the Millenium within the timeframe of the medieval Catholic Church. It thus provided a chainlink interreferencing system to the Book of Revelation, by which one could jump from passage to passage to follow the "true" meaning. Pestilence, famine, war, and natural disasters will purge humanity before Jesus returns for the final battle between good and evil. It was this new and heightened imperial rhetoric, growing like wildfire in the provincial cities, that triggered "John's" reaction. WELCOME: You are logged in with an Unknown Provider and can now watch all available content. Joachim thus saw, a figure of his own day, as predicted in Revelation's unfolding of history from ancient to contemporary times. At the center of it all is the recognition of how Revelation is depicting the Roman Empire as the Great Whore, with the Emperor as the seven-headed "beast from the sea," who are the ones carrying out Satan's war against God on earth. Nov 7, 2018 - Explore Awesome History Facts's board "history - war & military", followed by 131 people on Pinterest. They are no less than the henchmen of Satan!" ISIS' growing foothold in Afghanistan is captured on film. A fictional interpretation of biblical prophecies unfolding in the modern world. Login or Create an Account. and Laodicea (3.14-22). This view has been the dominant one in most mainstream Christian interpretation, especially in Catholic tradition. The book next contains seven short letters of exhortation to the Christian churches in the seven leading cities of Asia Minor -- Ephesus (2.1-7, Smyrna (2.9-11), Pergamon (2.12-17) , Thyatira (2.18-29). Because of intricate and unusual symbolic language, the Book of Revelation is hard for modern people to read. The overall impact of Vision II, then, is to show the dire and precarious position in which the faithful are now standing, as they await the final things to take place. It's been likened to "chinese boxes" where one opens up a box only to discover another box inside. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Religions in the Graeco-Roman World 116. Adela Yarbro Collins takes a similar view of the purpose and overall outlook of Revelation, but she does not think the imperial cult itself was a concrete factor, nor that there was much real persecution. a. Moreover, this cult, while focused on Domitian himself, also honored his family, the Flavian emperors Vespasian and Titus. Ephesus was both the capital of the Roman province of Asia and one of the earliest centers of Christianity. Award-winning reporter Sarah Ferguson presents Revelation, a ground-breaking documentary series on the criminal priests and brothers of the Catholic Church, their crimes laid bare for the first time in their own words. And its really only at this stage in the text (chapters 18-21) that it starts to look forward in a prospective way toward the near future. The book of Revelation is explained in a simple, understandable way in this full-length film.Who is the Beast? Not so for people in the ancient world who would have been more accustomed to the complex nature of apocalyptic literature. She argues, then, that the work is, if anything, even more metaphorical or symbolic in its approach; it offers a kind of drama of catharsis (or "cleansing") that resolves the internal conflicts of the hearers. Because it's a relatively short program (50 minutes), this results in its being lean on content. Friesen's work perhaps more than any recent study has drawn together both the concrete historical circumstances, based on the archaeological evidence, in correlation with the rhetorical stance of the Book of Revelation. For these three "signs" provide the explanation for why the woes and suffering described in Vision II have come upon the earth. Now we have seven angels pronounce their woes on all who side with the Dragon followed by seven bowls of wrath, which turn out to be seven plagues (15.1-16.21). In this clip, historians and biblical scholars introduce the story of Revelation and its powerful visions, figures and language of the end time. The new view, therefore, began to argue that none of the events described in the Book of Revelation after chapters 1-3 (i.e., John's vision and the letters to the seven churches of Asia) had yet come to pass. The "Symbolic History" View. OHFB is a free Kindle book website that gathers all the free Kindle books from Amazon and gives you some excellent search features so you can easily find your next great read. This view holds that while the precise historical circumstances of Revelation pertained to the Roman world at the end of the Ist century CE, that it nonetheless has a kind of universal and timeless message for God's dealing with humanity in all generations. What is not uniformly understood is how political oppression or persecution against the Christians of Asia Minor influenced the situation and, thus, how Revelation was responding to this situation. It is almost universally followed in both New Testament scholarship and by scholars of Christian history. When the Emperor Nero was killed, Vespasian was summoned from Judea to Rome to become the new Emperor. The final chapters of the New Testament describe mankind's violent end of days--a seven-year period of unparalleled death and destruction. In the way they set up, the events described in chapters 12-13 are meant to explain how those circumstances in chapters 5-11 came about. d. The "Future History" View. It was more of a crisis of faith precipitated by the disconnection between the faith of these Christians and their social experience of alienation. The radical polemic of Revelation is saying, "how can those who call themselves Jews and Christians pay honor to the very family that destroyed the Temple, to the very empire that killed Jesus? It is now thought that this arose in Ephesus after the year 89 CE when Domitian instituted a new imperial cult sanctuary dedicated to his family, the Flavian dynasty. Leiden: E.J. This region would become a key area for the expansion of Christianity into the Roman empire. These previous profiles of current New Testament scholarship on Revelation show what is the dominant view of how to interpret the work in its historical context. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Also, apocalyptic literature was almost always a kind of literature for "insiders," that is to say, it was written for people who already knew something of the situation and of the symbols that were used to portray it. The visions continue to unfold information for the ancient reader in order to describe its current situation. The key to understanding the situation is in the vibrant symbolic language that is so typical of ancient apocalyptic writings. At the end Satan, the Great Red Dragon, is thrown down to earth with his evil angels, and now they begin to make war on the saints (12.18). See more ideas about History war, Military, War. Secrets of The Book Of Revelation Documentary History Channel So even Vision IV is carrying out the implications of the central scenes in Vision III. 11.2), the duration of the "trampling of the temple," Joachim concluded that this was period equal to the 42 generations in Matthew's genealogy from Adam to Jesus (Matt. The Anchor Bible, vol. Vespasian then appointed his elder son, Titus, as the commander of the legions in Judea. Thus, the emphasis on interpreting Revelation, lies in equating its images with those events surrounding the return. This approach is sometimes called the "preterist" (or "past history") view, meaning that the events described in Revelation all took place in the past and the work must be read in that ancient historical context. Award-winning reporter Sarah Ferguson presents Revelation, a ground-breaking documentary series on the criminal priests and brothers of the Catholic Church, their crimes laid bare for the first time in their own words. A combination documentary/first person fictional interpretation loosely based on … This symbolic or allegorical view is what lay behind St. Augustine's reading of Revelation, in which he argued that the 1,000-year reign was not a literal number at all but a figurative way of describing the "age of the church" on earth. The Truth Behind the Dead Sea Scrolls: Experts unravel the mystery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and explore theories about their creation. Thus it looks for symbolic elements that may apply across the ages. The LDS church states that more than 150 million copies of the Book of Mormon have been distributed as of 2011. I'm a great fan of the History Channel and have a strong interest in the Book of Revelations, yet I found this video to be nearly worthless primarily due to its lack of organization. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Apocalypse - The Puzzle of Revelation (History Channel) (A&E DVD Archives) by Richard Kiley at Amazon.com. The Book of Revelation (also called the Apocalypse of John, Revelation to John or Revelation from Jesus Christ) is the final book of the New Testament, and consequently is also the final book of the Christian Bible.Its title is derived from the first word of the Koine Greek text: apokalypsis, meaning "unveiling" or "revelation. 1.17). In each case, the difference is how the "historical content" of Revelation is understood. On the other hand, religious interpretations of Revelation throughout Christian history have not always followed this approach. This made most clear when we are told explicitly that the Great Whore is Babylon, who is seated on the Beast with seven heads, as seven hills (17.9). That the "beast from the sea" is the Emperor himself is made clear in a later passage in Rev. Sardis (3.1-6), Philadelphia (3.7-13). In doing so he demonstrates how the imperial cult was not just an enforced participation in particular sacrifices or festivals, but was a more widespread social, political, economic, and religious factor in the lives of provincial citizens. © 2021, A&E Television Networks, LLC. Posted on Aug 2, 2001 by Mario Seiglie Estimated reading time: 19 minutes. 17.10) he identifies as evil rulers beginning with Herod the Great and continuing to Saladin, the Turkish leader who had only a few years earlier repulsed the Crusaders from the Holy Land. The Antichrist will rise. The Book of Revelation, the most terrifying and controversial book of the Bible, was written by an exiled prophet almost two thousand years ago. The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christian religion, purporting to tell the history of the Earth from its earliest creation to the spread of Christianity in the first century A.D. Central to this mode of interpretation is the view that Revelation, along with most of the rest of the Bible constitutes a similar type of "prophecy" of the future, and it often refers to this overall scheme of interpretation as "Bible prophecy." So, for example, the beast with seven heads (Rev. 17, where the symbolism of the seven heads is spelled out. These are: Steven J. Friesen, Twice Neokoros: Ephesus, Asia, and the Cult of the Flavian Imperial Family. It is described as a time of famine, plague, oppression, and woe. Adela Yarbro Collins, Crisis and Catharsis: The Power of the Apocalypse. 13.1), which are explicitly identified as seven kings (Rev. Then it tells that the seven heads are seven kings (17.9-10), which finally give us the real clue that the "beast" is the Roman emperor himself. A new mode of interpreting Revelation beginning in the early XIXth century. The result from this way of reading is that the ancient Christians were being told how God would ultimately triumph, and the faithful would be spared. The Bible comes to life in five two-hour episodes exploring the sacred text's most significant episodes, including Noah's journey in the ark, the Exodus and the life of Jesus. Much of the interpretation that comes from this perspective involved linking various passages from different parts of the Bible to form a composite that fits current and future expectations. With Sarah Ferguson, Marie Collins, Troy Grant, Scott Hallett. Episode 1 The Children Have Been Used By The Devil. The Book of Revelation: Justice and Judgment. This yields our basic outline of the work, as follows: What results from this is a kind of composite picture created by the cumulative effect of all the material laid out this way. Who will survive God's wrath? Garden City: Doubleday, 1975. The Book of Revelation Documentary; Christmas Gone Viral Full Movie 2017 The book is divided into smaller books that read as narratives. That is precisely the reflection that one sees in the description of the "two witnesses" (or martyrs) who are said to have been slain in the very city where Jesus was killed (11.1-13). It is also the view taken within many Christian denominations, although it is often amended to suggest that all the historical events are past and that Revelation was describing a situation in the Roman empire, but that the final judgment in some literal sense is still to come as a future event. web site copyright 1995-2014 The book breaks naturally into five major visions plus a prologue and an epilogue on how these came to be written down. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984. Domitian was known as a strong-willed emperor who tolerated no disagreement with his policies. Now we see another important component of how Revelation works by thinking about its sense of the time-line of the story. The answer, we are now told, is that the war on earth is merely a continuation of a cosmic war begun in heaven between God and Satan (12.1-17). Almost all New Testament scholars now take the view that Revelation was written during the reign of Domitian, sometime around 95-96 CE. (approximately 4 minutes) So in Vision IV we see the final judgments against the evil forces of the Roman empire, and the final rewards of the faithful. Mormon Church He is the "beast from the sea" beyond doubt. But who is the Antichrist? ISIS is in Afghanistan, But Who Are They Really? All the florid images of Revelation 4-22 were instead considered to be predictions of future events that would come to pass in literal terms as the return of Christ and the end approached. But all of this probably comes out of a retrospection on the First Revolt and the devastation that occurred when Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed. The result is that God also sends his angelic army to earth, led by the "Lamb who had been slain," and they will now take on the army of the dragon and the beasts (14.1-20). Several different versions or systems have been proposed for how the actual events will work out. The author was probably a Christian from Ephesus known as "John the Elder." Because there were many other examples of apocalyptic writing, these conventions would have seemed less strange and cryptic. At the end of Vision II, when the seventh angel finally sounds his trumpet (11.15-19), then the heavenly throneroom of God is once again opened, and now there appears a new scene. b. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1979. So, the sense of desperation and suffering that is so central to Vision II is a direct commentary on the outcome of the War of 66-70 CE. FRONTLINE reports from Iraq on the miscalculations and mistakes behind the brutal rise of ISIS. There are references to martyrdom and persecution in the Book of Revelation, but to what extent there was a real roundup of Christians going on is a matter of some debate. And when will this apocalypse happen? We shall here profile some other ways that the book has been read by those who want to apply it to their own times. Once again it is the sixth that is the most important; it is the Battle of Armageddon (16.12-16) which results in victory for the armies of God. All Rights Reserved. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000 (forthcoming). From Joachim's day down to the mid-XIXth century, this pattern of calculation became the most common form of literalist interpretation of the "predictive" capacity of Revelation. The program detailed various historical apocalyptic prophecies, such as the 2012 phenomenon.The show was named after reputed French seer Michel de Nostredame, more commonly known as Nostradamus.The series ran for a single season. Get the latest on your favorite shows, plus updates on HISTORY sweepstakes, events and more. HISTORY DOCUMENTARY) Secrets of The Book Of Revelation Documentary History Channel mp4Banned from the Bible (Full Documentary) NEW - Biblical Prophecy End Times Documentary (2019-20) The history of Rockefeller family - documentary History of the White House : Documentary on the White House (Full Documentary)Documentary A History Of The The very fact that an apocalypse was a common type of literature meant that if followed certain conventions of style, and people knew more what to expect from it. Titus, however, died just two years later in 81, and this left the empire to Vespasian's younger son, Domitian. So, he said that these 42 generations (or 1,260 years) marked the period from the birth of Jesus until the end he saw predicted in Revelation. There is also a good History channel documentary on the Egyptian Book of the Dead/Papyrus of Ani on YouTube you should watch. Nostradamus Effect is an American sensationalist television series that premiered on September 9, 2009, on the History channel. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985; second edition, 1998. Here we may examine the question by looking at the views of several of the most notable recent scholars on Revelation. J. Massyngberde Ford, Revelation: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. 38. Garden City, Doubleday, 1981. It grew mostly out of Protestant theology with a strong reforming element, both in Britain and America. The Book of Revelation, the most terrifying and controversial book of the Bible, was written by an exiled prophet almost two thousand years ago. He then looked identified particular events and individuals in Christian history as fulfilling elements in Revelation in a continuum from the days of Jesus until his own time. For example, when discussing the Sixth Seal, the Bible describes a great earthquake occurring, causing the sun (from earth's point of view) to turn black … This is both a clear reference to the "seven hills of Rome" and a reference back to the seven-headed beast of Rev. In the final analysis one gets the sense that we (that is, the ancient "reader") are always in the sixth, just on the verge of the seventh thing happening. But recognizing this comes from understanding how to read this kind of apocalyptic literature. d. Two Recent Revisionist Views. The various visions of Revelation are not a linear progression, so that the events in chapter 12, for example, do not follow in time after the events in chapter 11. He shows convincingly that there was a concrete presence of the imperial cult (along the lines suggested also by Schüssler Fiorenza) that set the framework for the Book of Revelation. WGBH educational foundation, In Fight Against ISIS, a Lose-Lose Scenario Poses Challenge for West. Who is the Bride? 13.3-10. Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins. Based on the number 42 months (Rev. The "Past History" view. But this new mode began to look at the past history of Christianity from the New Testament through the Middle Ages and down to its own time in a different light. What if the apocalyptic prophecies of the Bible were to unfold today? It is therefore the most common mode of interpretation within literalist postmillenial expectation. More than any other "future history" interpretation, this one has had the most impact on current literalist interpretations of Revelation. You will soon receive emails about your favorite HISTORY shows. The History Channel : 7 Signs of the Apocalypse , Apocalypse the Puzzle of Revelation : Bible Prophecy End Times 2 Pack Complete. Brill, 1993. When Vespasian died in 79 CE, Titus became the next Emperor. The French Revolution History Channel The French Revolution is a History Channel documentary shedding light on one of the most important events of Western Civilization. Made clear in a later passage in Rev therefore the most impact on current literalist interpretations of.... The religious and political force of Roman rule as a threat plus updates on History sweepstakes, and... Scrolls and explore theories about their creation Christians for their faith mankind 's End! The Book of Revelation throughout Christian History. `` are explicitly identified as seven (... Images with those events surrounding the return indication that he consciously tried to Christians... 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